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date: 20 October 2019

Commanding officers at Calais in the Oxford DNBlocked

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The port of Calais on the coast of Flanders was captured by Edward III on 3 August 1347. With its surrounding territory and forts—the ‘march of Calais’—it remained in English hands until recaptured by the French between 7 and 22 January 1558. Throughout the years of English occupation it was regarded as a possession of great military and commercial importance. The commanding officer in the town (who took precedence over the captain of its castle) was always an Englishman. At first he was known simply as the captain of ...

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