Monarchs of England
This list follows the precedent established by the Handbook of British Chronology (3rd edn, 1986) in presenting Æthelstan as the first ruler of a kingdom of England, combining the kingdom of the West Saxons with those of the Mercians and the Northumbrians.
The list is ordered chronologically by dates of accession. These dates are marked as approximate until 1066, unless they are definitely known, on the grounds that successions were occasionally contested and it is not clear whether someone was regarded as king from the day of his election, the death of his predecessor, or his inauguration. Reflecting contemporary practice, from the accession of ...