- Leslie Stephen
Brontë, Charlotte(1816–1855), afterwards Nicholls, novelist, was the daughter of PatrickBrontë (1777–1861), and sister of Patrick BranwellBrontë (1817–1848), Emily JaneBrontë (1818–1848), and AnneBrontë (1820–1849). Patrick Brontë, born on 17 March 1777 at Ahaderg, co. Down, was one of the ten children of Hugh Prunty or Brontë. He changed his paternal name to Brontë shortly before leaving Ireland. At the age of 16 he had opened a school at Drumgooland in the same county. The liberality of Mr. Tighe, vicar of Drumgooland, enabled him to go to Cambridge, with a view to taking orders. He entered St. John's College in October 1802, and graduated as B.A. in 1806. He was ordained to a curacy at Wethersfield in Essex, and left in January 1809 to be a curate at Wellington, whence he came to Dewsbury. Leaving this place at the end of the year he was presented in 1811 to the curacy of Hartshead in Yorkshire. His improved means enabled him to allow 20...