Davidson, Randall Thomas, Baron Davidson of Lambeth
- G. K. A. Bell
Davidson, Randall Thomas, Baron Davidson of Lambeth(1848–1930), archbishop of Canterbury, was born in Edinburgh 7 April 1848, the eldest of the four children of Henry Davidson, merchant, of Leith, by his wife, Henrietta, third daughter of John Campbell Swinton, of Kimmerghame, co. Berwick, who belonged to the Berwickshire family of the Swintons, of Swinton. He was of pure Scottish blood on both parents' sides. His father's great grandfather, the Rev. Thomas Davidson, of the Tron church, Edinburgh, was a chaplain to Queen Anne. Thomas Davidson's daughter married the Rev. Thomas Randall, whose son of the same name, also a minister, succeeded to the estate of Muirhouse, near Edinburgh, on the death of his mother's brother, in 1794, and as a condition of inheritance changed his name to Davidson. The second Thomas Randall's son was Henry Davidson (born 1810), the father of Randall Thomas Davidson. He was a keen sportsman, as well as literary, musical, and devout. His wife was deeply religious and also possessed a marked poetic gift. Both Henry and Henrietta Davidson were Presbyterians, and Randall Davidson was baptized at their home in Edinburgh by the minister of St. Stephen's church. His parents left Edinburgh in 1857 and settled at Muirhouse, where the three boys became adept at all country pursuits; Randall on one occasion narrowly escaped drowning. In 1862 he was sent to ...