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Barke, James William (1905–1958), novelist  

Moira Burgess

Barke, James William ( 1905–1958 ), novelist , was born on 22 May 1905 at Torwoodlee , near Galashiels, Selkirkshire , the fourth child of James Bark (1862–1937) , dairyman, and his wife, Jane ( b. 1866) , a dairymaid, daughter of Thomas Gibb , ploughman. The family moved in 1907 to Tulliallan, Fife , which Barke , remembering his happy rural childhood, considered to be in effect ' the land of my birth ' ( Barke , 279 ). In 1918 they moved again, to Glasgow. Barke was educated at Tulliallan parish school and Hamilton Crescent public school, Glasgow


Bruce, Sir William, first baronet (c. 1625–1710), architect and politician  

John Lowrey

financial problems were the issues of Bruce's decision to live in Edinburgh rather than in the bosom of his grieving family in Kinross and his decision to marry, within a year of his wife's death, Magdalene Clerk, née Scott , daughter of David Scott , brother of the laird of Galashiels and widow of George Clerk , merchant burgess of Edinburgh; this decision raised unfounded fears among the younger generation about the safety of their inheritance. However, even as these misfortunes befell him, Bruce was increasingly acknowledged as the foremost architect in


Cochrane, Archibald Leman (1909–1988), medical scientist and epidemiologist  

Richard Doll


Cochrane, Archibald Leman ( 1909–1988 ), medical scientist and epidemiologist , was born in Galashiels on 12 January 1909, the second child in the family of a daughter and three sons of Walter Francis Cochrane , of Kirklands , manufacturer of Scottish tweed, and his wife, Mabel Purdom , daughter and granddaughter of lawyers from Hawick. His grandfather's family had become wealthy, but the death of his father on active service in April 1917 led to his mother's relative impoverishment. He gained entry scholarships to Uppingham School and King's College, Cambridge


Cockburn [née Rutherford], Alison (1713–1794), writer and literary hostess  

John Dwyer

close friendship with David Hume was seriously tested was when her bon David failed to use an opportunity to promote her son's interest. Her 'Short account of a long life' , which prefaces the 1900 edition of her correspondence, was dedicated to the Revd Robert Douglas of Galashiels. Alison Cockburn's relationship with Hume was one of intimate friendship. She constantly chided him for his atheism, encouraged him to make his famous visit to France , suggested that he bring her ' beloved ' Jean-Jacques Rousseau to Scotland , and then took Hume's part


Colby, Sir Geoffrey Francis Taylor (1901–1958), colonial governor  

Colin Baker

Arthur Charles Bryant. He was educated at St Wilfred's, Bexhill , from 1908 to 1914, Charterhouse from 1914 to 1919, and, as a scholar, Clare College, Cambridge , where he read natural science from 1919 to 1922. After Cambridge he secured a post with a firm of fellmongers in Galashiels , working on the factory floor. Finding this employment uncongenial, he successfully applied for a colonial administrative service appointment. After a preparatory four-month course at the Imperial Institute, London , in 1925 he sailed for Nigeria. Colby's first tour was spent


Collinson, Francis James Montgomery (1898–1984), musical director and musicologist  

Ian A. Olson

attracted no honours, not even from his own university; that would in no way have concerned this thorough, kindly, generous, and gentle musician who valued most of all in life a capacity to enjoy whatever he was engaged upon. Collinson died on 21 December 1984 in Peel Hospital, Galashiels , and was buried in Mortlach churchyard, Dufftown, Banffshire , on the 28th.


Darling, George (1779–1862), physician  

James Dixon

revised by Patrick Wallis

Darling, George ( 1779–1862 ), physician , was born at Middletown, Stow , near Galashiels , on 21 September 1779 , the son of Thomas Darling and Betty Anderson. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh , and, having made two or three voyages as a surgeon in the East India Company's service, settled in London in general practice as a partner of Dr Neil Arnott. He left this and in 1815 was awarded his MD degree by Marischal College, Aberdeen. In London he married, on 30 August 1815, Jane Lyall ( 1786/7–1848 ), daughter of John Lyall , and


Dean, Winton Basil (1916–2013), musicologist  

John Warrack

Cambridge productions he made translations of the choruses in Aristophanes The Frogs , with music by Walter Leigh , and of Weber's Abu Hassan. Dean married Thalia Mary Shaw (1918–2000) , daughter of Alexander Shaw, second Baron Craigmyle , at Caddonfoot Church, near Galashiels , on 4 September 1939, a day after the outbreak of the Second World War, which he spent in naval intelligence. They had two daughters, one of whom, Brigid , died in a childhood accident to which he seldom referred but which affected him deeply; another, Diana , died soon after


Douglas, Robert (1747–1820), Church of Scotland minister  

Geoffrey Carnall

Aberdeen , and ordained minister of Galashiels, Selkirkshire , in the Scottish borders, on 17 July 1770. In the borders he moved in a cultivated and enlightened society. Many letters to him from the poet Alison Cockburn survive, a good deal more elegant and amusing than one might expect in Scottish Presbyterian circles. He was, in fact, a representative figure of the Church of Scotland's moderate party, a parish minister who refused to confine his kindness to members of his own church, but regarded every inhabitant of Galashiels as worthy of interest and assistance


Fairbairn, Sir William, first baronet (1789–1874), engineer  

James Burnley

revised by Robert Brown

another of whom was Peter Fairbairn (1799–1861) , engineer and inventor. Fairbairn learned to read and do arithmetic at a parish school, and began to build boats and little mills. He had further schooling at Mullochy , and studied bookkeeping under an uncle who kept a school at Galashiels. In 1799 his father began to farm 300 acres at Dingwall , in the north of Scotland , but moved back to Kelso in 1801, and subsequently to Knaresborough , in Yorkshire. Aged fourteen, Fairbairn got employment on a bridge being built by John Rennie , until he was injured


Fergusson, Mary Isolen [Molly] (1914–1997), civil engineer  

Mike Chrimes

schemes, and industrial projects such as the Markinch paper mills of Tullis Russell. Her section leader for much of the time from 1952 to 1964 was John Cowan , later a professor at Heriot-Watt University. The two-level pre-stressed concrete footbridge over the Gala Water at Galashiels ( 1954 ) was a fascinating piece of structural innovation, involving a spiral staircase and carrying a sewer, while Devonside Bridge was a concrete bridge built on a curve across the river to Tillicoultry. From the 1960s, with her partners James (Jim) Andrew Eddison ( 1921–2012


Glas, John (1695–1773), founder of the Glasite or Sandemanian church  

Derek B. Murray

and with them and a number from Tealing he formed the Glasite church , ' subject to no jurisdiction under heaven ', the title of a work published in 1728. Francis Archibald joined him for a few years, and George Byres , minister of St Boswell's , became a Glasite elder in Galashiels. Later two Fife clergymen, Robert Ferrier of Largo and James Smith of Newburn , were influenced by him, and Ferrier associated himself with the Glasites in the later 1760s. Otherwise, Glas had little clerical support. He did however find a small but devoted following


Gloag, Paton James (1823–1906), Church of Scotland minister and theologian  

James Lachlan MacLeod

and attempted to preach to the unchurched mining community through open-air and cottage meetings. At the same time he continued to produce a steady stream of theological works, and St Andrews University made him an honorary DD in 1867. He moved again in 1871, to the parish of Galashiels , where he served until his resignation in 1892. During that time he was a Baird lecturer (1879) and moderator of the general assembly of the Church of Scotland (1889). In 1896, following a rebellion by Aberdeen University students against what they saw as the incompetence of


Gray, John (c. 1799–1883), socialist and writer on economics  

Noel Thompson

wife, Caroline Mordaunt , is recorded on a monument in St Cuthbert's parish churchyard in Edinburgh , and there is mention here too of a second wife, Jane Renny , by whom, together with a married daughter, he was survived. It is also known that, after residing at Faldonside, Galashiels , in the 1840s, he purchased an estate of 26 acres , Bonaly Tower , near Edinburgh , in October 1854. This was sold in 1866, Gray having previously moved to Church Road in Upper Norwood , a part of London which in the 1880s was, as one commentator has put it, ' the home


Haig, Edward [Ned] (1858–1939), rugby player  

Walter Allan

help club finances. He later recalled that ' as it was hopeless to think of having several games in one afternoon with fifteen players on each side, the teams were reduced to seven men ' ( Allan , 20 ). The first final, held on 28 April 1883, was contested between Melrose and Galashiels , with Haig in the Melrose starting line-up. This ended in a highly controversial manner when the game ended with neither team having scored. It was agreed by the captains that a further fifteen minutes would be played to decide the tie. Melrose were first to score, with a


Hastie, William (1842–1903), Church of Scotland minister and theologian  

H. C. G. Matthew

continental universities—in Germany , Holland , and Switzerland —mastering foreign languages and widening his theological knowledge. In the intervals passed at home he took occasional work as a university deputy, or as assistant to parish ministers, among them Paton James Gloag , at Galashiels. In 1875 Hastie was fully licensed for the ministry of the Church of Scotland. He had developed wide intellectual and theological interests, but, with little inclination for the life of a parish minister, he was restless. At this time he published translations of works on Romanism


Henderson, John (1804–1862), architect  

Bertha Porter

revised by Charles McKean

(1847), St John's, Glasgow (1848; dem.), and St Philip's, Catterline (1848), Holy Trinity churches in Melrose and Dunoon (1849), St Mary's, Dalmahoy (1850), Christ Church, Lochgilphead (1851), St Margaret's, Meigle (1852; dem.), Christ Church, Leith , and St Peter's, Galashiels (both 1853), St Mary's, Arbroath (1854), Holy Trinity, Lamington , St Saviour's, Bridge of Allan , and St Mary's, Port Glasgow (all 1857), St Peter's, Montrose , and Christ Church, Lanark (both 1858), and St Baldred's, North Berwick (1860). He also designed private chapels


Herbertson, Andrew John (1865–1915), geographer  

Elizabeth Baigent

Herbertson, Andrew John ( 1865–1915 ), geographer , was born on 11 October 1865 at Church Bank, Galashiels, Selkirkshire , the eldest of four children of Andrew Hunter Herbertson , a prosperous building contractor, and Janet Matthewson. He attended Galashiels Academy (1872–9) and the Edinburgh Institution, later Melville College (1879). On leaving school he worked briefly for a firm of surveyors in Edinburgh before matriculating at the University of Edinburgh in 1886. He studied sciences at Edinburgh in 1886–9 and 1891–2 with considerable success, but


Kemp, George Meikle [pseud. John Morvo] (1795–1844), architect  

Charles McKean

family frequently on poor relief. Showing an early fondness for drawing, carving, and woodwork (he made furniture throughout his life), he was apprenticed as a carpenter to Andrew Noble of Redscaurhead (where his 1932 memorial was erected) before joining a millwright's shop in Galashiels in 1813 (part of his journey being a lift on Sir Walter Scott's coach). In 1815 he joined John Cousin , builder and joiner of Leith , as a journeyman carpenter, and he may periodically have returned to Cousin's firm whenever work was short elsewhere. In 1817 he moved to


Lapworth, Arthur (1872–1941), chemist  

N. G. Coley


Lapworth, Arthur ( 1872–1941 ), chemist , was born on 10 October 1872 in Galashiels, Selkirkshire , the elder son in the family of two sons and one daughter of Charles Lapworth (1842–1920) , professor of geology at the University of Birmingham , and his wife, Janet , daughter of Walter Sanderson of Galashiels. He went to school in St Andrews and to King Edward VI's School, Birmingham , and graduated in 1893 from Mason College, Birmingham. He then studied chemistry at the City and Guilds Central Technical College under F. S. Kipping , who became his