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Abraham, Attupurathu Mathew [known as Abu Abraham] (1924–2002), cartoonist and journalist, was born into an Indian Syrian Christian family in Tiruvalla, then in the princely state of Travancore (later part of Kerala), south India, on 11 June 1924, the fourth of five children of ...

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Abse, Daniel [Dannie] (1923–2014), physician, poet, and author, was born on 22 September 1923 at 161 Whitchurch Road, Gabalfa, Cardiff, the youngest of four children of Rudolf Abse (1887–1964), cinema proprietor, and his wife, Kate, née Shepherd (1890–1981...

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Ackling, (Walter) Roger (1947–2014), artist, was born on 11 August 1947 at the West Middlesex Hospital, Twickenham Road, Isleworth, the first child and only son of Walter Frederick Ackling (1921–2013), quantity surveyor, and his wife, Alice Jean, née Lockton...

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Actresses’ Franchise League [AFL] (act. 1908–1958) was formed in 1908 as ‘a bond of union between all women in the Theatrical profession who are in sympathy with the Woman’s Franchise Movement’. The organization was itself ‘strictly neutral in regard to Suffrage Tactics’ and membership was open to women who were or had been ‘connected with the Theatrical profession in any of its branches’. The constitution of the league declared its objectives as being to convince members of the theatrical profession of the necessity of extending the franchise to women on the same terms as men. It would campaign by using what it called ‘educational methods’ including propaganda meetings, and plays, sale of literature, and lectures (...

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Meggie Albanesi (1899–1923), by Howard Instead, 1920s

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Albanesi, Margherita Cecilia Brigida Lucia Maria [Meggie] (1899–1923), actress, was born at 4 Mandeville Place, Marylebone, London, on 8 October 1899, the second daughter of Carlo Albanesi (1858–1926), pianist, composer, and teacher of music at the Royal Academy of Music...

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Alexandrowicz, Charles Henry (1902–1975), international lawyer and historian, was born Karol Aleksandrowicz on 13 October 1902 in Lemberg (Lviv or Lwów) in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia, the son of Franciszek Aleksandrowicz (1856–1927), a major-general in the Austro-Hungarian (and after ...

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Charles Alexandrowicz (1902–1975), by unknown photographer, 1960

With kind permission of the University of Sydney Archives (G3/187)

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Maud Allan (1873–1956), by Foulsham & Banfield, c. 1908

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Allan, Maud [real name Ulla Maude Durrant] (1873–1956), dancer, was born in Toronto, Canada, on 27 August 1873. Her name was registered as Ulla Maude Durrant, the daughter of William Allan Durrant (1851–1917), a shoemaker, and his wife, Isa...

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Anderson, Madge Easton (1896–1982), lawyer, was born at 75 Kent Road, Glasgow, on 24 April 1896, the youngest of three daughters born to Robert Easton Anderson (1865–1932), a cutlery salesman, and his wife, Anne Catherine Chisholm (1864–1947), daughter of an ...

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Appleton, Joseph Edward [Joe] (1903/4–1991), saxophonist, clarinettist, and bandleader, was born Joseph Edward Appleton-Thomas in Porus, Jamaica, on 2 June 1903 or 1904, the only son and one of two children of Joseph Appleton-Thomas, a road maintenance official. His parents were Jamaican. In ...

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Archdale, Helen Elizabeth [Betty] (1907–2000), feminist, cricketer, and educationist, was born at 59 Oxford Terrace, Bayswater, London, on 21 August 1907, the only daughter of the Scottish feminist and journalist Helen Alexander Archdale, née Russel (1876–1949), and her husband, ...

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Archibald [née Kalmanowsky, later Barou], Liliana Leah (1928–2014), Lloyds insurance broker, was born Leah Lilian Kalmanowsky on 25 May 1928 at the Welbeck Hospital, 27 Welbeck Street, Marylebone, London, the daughter of Emanuel Eshuah Kalmanowsky (1891/1892–1959), civil engineer and company director, of ...

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Armstrong, John Herbert Arthur James [Louis] (1946–2014), naval officer and barrister, was born on 4 September 1946 at 24 Tower Park, Fowey, Cornwall, the son of John William Armstrong (1907–1999), borough surveyor and architect, and his wife, Marie Helen, ...

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Arnold [née Rainbow], Lorna Margaret (1915–2014), historian, was born at 35 Craven Park, Harlesden, Middlesex, on 7 December 1915, the eldest of five children of Kenneth Wallace Rainbow (1888–1958), a former insurance official then serving as a chief petty officer with the ...

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Asherson, Renée [real name Dorothy Renée Ascherson] (1915–2014), actress, was born on 19 May 1915 at 2 Cornwall Gardens, Kensington, London, the younger daughter of Charles Stephen Ascherson (1877–1945), a shipowner of German Jewish descent, and his second wife, ...

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Ashford, Ethel Bright (1883–1980), barrister, was born at 20 Marlow Road, Beckenham, Kent, on 18 March 1883, the third daughter and fourth of five children of Henry Bright Ashford (1851–1926), a commercial traveller and later a hosiery manufacturer and warehouseman, and his wife, ...

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Ethel Bright Ashford (1883–1980), by Hanslip Fletcher, 1942

City of Westminster Archives Centre

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Ashton, Mark Christian (1960–1987), communist and gay activist, was born at Woodfield Maternity Home, Oldham, Lancashire, on 19 May 1960, the first of two children and eldest son of Robert Ashton, cotton carder, and his wife, Joan, née Simpson. He grew up and was educated in ...