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Museum (later simply known as the Beamish Museum ) opened to the public in a limited way in 1971 , at Beamish , near Stanley, county Durham. The concept grew as the word spread from the evangelical Atkinson , and staff who created the Black Country Museum and worked on the Ironbridge Gorge Museums began their tutelage under him or were influenced by his actions. Atkinson continued to collect and develop Beamish with himself as director (having left Bowes in 1970 ), and in the first year, over 50,000 paying visitors passed through the gates. This grew year

Article

Campbell Dodgson

revised by Jason Edwards

Britain; and, in 1858, a series of animal heads to decorate the Metropolitan cattle market in Pentonville, London. In 1855 he designed for the Coalbrookdale Company a desk table supported by four full-sized deerhounds cast in iron covered with emblems of the chase and vine ( Ironbridge Museum, Coalbrookdale, Shropshire ). Contemporaries felt that Bell's works of applied art and his later sculpture revealed a decline in power from the immense vigour, imagination, and strength of feeling characteristic of his earlier work, which had provided a refreshing departure

Article

Sheffield. A portrait of him by Richard Foster hangs in the Royal College of Physicians , and there are small collections of his papers at the college and the Wellcome Library in London. In retirement he lived first at Whitchurch-on-Thames , near Reading , and subsequently at Ironbridge, Shropshire. In 2000 he diagnosed his own carcinoma of the pancreas, and two years later refused further treatment for his terminal illness, dying at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham , on 13 September 2002. His wife survived him, as did his three children (two

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Joshua Cristall became so highly regarded by his master as to be offered the business. In an angry scene with his father he declared that he would rather paint china than sell it, and left home. Cristall soon found work at Thomas Turner's porcelain factory at Caughley , near Ironbridge, Shropshire. Engaged as a salesman, he travelled widely, using his sketch pad more often than his order-book. He took advice on his career from Mary Wollstonecraft , a friend of his sister Ann Batten Cristall; she urged him to determine whether drawing was to be the business

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Pengelley, 1719–26, BL , Add. MS 22675, fol. 36 papers relating to Tern Works, Shropshire, Shrops. RRC , MS 112/15/65–7 agreement over mining rights, 1710, Shrops. RRC , MS 212, box 105 U. Newcastle , Misc. MS 32, fols. 313, 323 The Quaker burial grounds , information sheet, no. 3 (Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, 1979) register of Shropshire monthly meeting Archives Shrewsbury Borough Library, MS 328 Shrops. RRC , corresp. and papers NL Wales , Wilkinson MSS, MS 10823E RS Friends, Lond. , Norris papers, esp. vol. 8 Dudmaston, Shropshire, Lady Labouchere's collection

Article

Industrial Archaeology Review , 5 (1979) A. Raistrick, Dynasty of iron founders : the Darbys and Coalbrookdale (1953) B. Trinder, The Darbys of Coalbrookdale , 4th edn (1993) B. Trinder, ed., The most extraordinary district in the world , 2nd edn (1988) VCH Shropshire Archives Ironbridge Museum Library, personal ledger Shrops. RRC , cash books, etc.

Article

Edgar Anstey said that ' a constant theme in his life was a love of order ' and he reduced to order his unique collection of pictures, prints, books, and objects recording British industrial development. After his death the collection, valued at over £250,000 , was passed to the Ironbridge Museum in Shropshire. Elton had sponsored exhibitions in industrial art and archaeology before they became fashionable in the 1970s. In 1968 he revised and reissued Art and the Industrial Revolution , written by his friend Francis Klingender and first published in 1947.

Article

Bibliothèque Cantonale et Universitaire, Lausanne, family MSS Cliff College, Calver, Sheffield, MSS of sermons and sermon outlines; prayer booklets Duke U., Perkins L. , letters, MSS Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, Robert W. Woodruf Library, letters, MSS Ironbridge Gorge Museum Library and Archives, Ironbridge, MSS John Wesley's Chapel, Bristol, letters, MSS Shrops. RRC , letters, MSS Wesley's Chapel, London, letters, MSS Westminster College, Cambridge, Cheshunt Foundation, Cheshunt College MSS, corresp. with Selina, countess of Huntingdon Likenesses J. Spilsbury

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Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society , 45 (1985–6), 69–79 J. P. Tuck, ‘ Primitive physic : an interesting association copy’, Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society , 45 (1985–6), 1–6 J. N. Fletcher, 1729–85 (1985) [exhibition catalogue, JRL, 1985] Archives Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Ironbridge, Telford JRL, Methodist Archives and Research Centre , corresp., diaries, journals, papers Shrops. RRC Likenesses oils, 1790, Clive House Museum, Shrewsbury, Shropshire J. Spilsbury, mezzotint, pubd 1812, NPG [see illus.] portrait, repro. in Moore, Life of Mrs Mary

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to Bank House, Castle Hedingham, Essex , where their first child, John (1935–2014) , was born; a second son, James (1939–1999) was born in Eastbourne. In 1941, shortly after the birth of their daughter, Anne , the family moved to Ironbridge Farm , near Shalford. In March 1942 Garwood was diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent an emergency mastectomy. While recovering from the operation, she wrote her autobiography, which she intended for her grandchildren and descendants. Soon

Article

James Burnley

revised by Mike Chrimes

Irving, Scots. Anderson, Scot. nat. , 293 parish register (births and baptisms), 13 Oct 1776, Falkirk, Stirlingshire parish register (proclamations of banns and marriages), 18 Dec 1803, Glasgow Archives Inst. CE NA Scot. Sci. Mus. Aberdeen Harbour records Inst. CE , Telford MSS Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Telford collection Likenesses portrait, repro. in Gibb, Story of Telford Wealth at Death allegedly lost his fortune c.1840 on the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway contract, but clearly retained some wealth as son continued in business

Article

founder of the then most important iron-bridge building firm in Britain and an owner of ironworks, mines, and quarries throughout the Welsh marches. His most significant ironwork was produced in collaboration with Thomas Telford , who regarded him as an ingenious inventor and innovator, ' the Arch conjuror himself, Merlin Hazledine ' ( Thomas Telford to Matthew Davidson, 1796; Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust ). Stephen Hughes Sources A. W. Skempton, ‘Telford and the design for a new London bridge’, Thomas Telford, engineer [Ironbridge 1979], ed. A. Penfold (1980)

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he expressed great enthusiasm for the work of the young Spanish painters Suarez and Tàpies , and after his retirement from the diplomatic service he continued to build up his collection of sculptures and ironwork. His wife, a skilled botanical artist, was a founder of the Ironbridge Gorge Museum. Dudmaston was given to the National Trust in 1978, though the Laboucheres continued to live there. In addition to membership of four London clubs, Labouchere belonged to the Society of Dilettanti and was president of the Friends of the Tate Gallery. Although

Article

Mackenzie, 1839–53, Inst. CE , Mackenzie MSS d. cert. Archives CBS Inst. CE , archives, diary, letter-book, notebooks, daybook, sketchbook priv. coll. Inst. CE , work on French railways with T. Brassey Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Telford MSS NA Scot. , railway and canal records TNA: PRO , railway and canal records Likenesses rock cutting, landscape, 1841, Ironbridge, Shropshire, Elton Collection T. H. Illidge, group portrait, oils, 1845–6 (with his family) G. R. Ward, engraving (after T. H. Illidge, 1845–6), Inst. CE Wealth at Death £341,848: will

Article

Wilton : a forgotten Victorian (1967) M. Stratton, Broseley : a guide through an early industrial town , Broseley Society, Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust (1981) CGPLA Eng. & Wales (1885) Archives Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, Telford, Shropshire, papers Likenesses photograph, 1870–80, Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Telford, Shropshire J. W. Fall, photograph, 1880–85, Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Telford, Shropshire A. Chapman, photograph, Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Telford, Shropshire photograph, repro. in S. Maw, Son, & Sons , 2 Wealth at Death £6875: probate, 1885, CGPLA

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cert. Archives LMA , records of London gas and water companies, sewer commissions Museum of London, dock company minutes, etc. TNA: PRO , dockyard records TNA: PRO , railway and canal records Inst. CE , Mackenzie Collection Inst. CE , Rennie Collection Inst. CE , Telford Collection Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Telford MSS, Gloucester and Berkeley canal University of Bristol, MSS relating to McIntosh v. Great Western Railway lawsuit Wealth at Death £300,000: TNA: PRO, death duty registers, IR 26/1555, no. 706

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awarded him its gold medal for the development of Coalite. Parker took out at at least twenty-eight British patents between 1894 and his death. Their subjects included steam turbines, the extraction of alkali metals, and improvements in motor vehicles. In 1907 he moved back to Ironbridge , and in 1910 he bought the Madeley Court estate and established Court Works Ltd to develop improved methods of making wrought iron. He developed a perpetual sundial which was manufactured by Court Works. One of his final projects was to design and build a shallow-draft motor

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1550–1900, in American collections (1972) T. Ruddock, Arch bridges and their builders, 1735–1835 (1979) J. L. Hobbs, ‘Thomas Farnolls Pritchard’, Shropshire Magazine , 10/4 (Aug–Sept 1959), 29–30, 34 J. Ionides, Thomas Farnolls Pritchard of Shrewsbury (1999) Likenesses portrait, Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Shropshire

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(1991) M. W. Beresford, ‘Dr Arthur Raistrick’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 64 (1992), 212–13 private information (2004) [Mrs Elinor Rea, William Rea; U. Newcastle] personal knowledge (2004) CGPLA Eng. & Wales (1991) Archives Craven Museum, Skipton, Yorkshire collections Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Telford, research papers relating to Darby family, industry in Yorkshire and Shropshire Skipton Reference Library, Yorkshire collections Likenesses W. R. Mitchell, photograph, repro. in Croucher, Boots and books [see illus.] photographs, repro. in Croucher, Boots

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iron bridge : symbol of the industrial revolution (1979) Excitements to beneficence, held out to mankind in the character and example of Richard Reynolds, esq. (1817) M. P. Hack, Richard Reynolds (1896) G. Pryce, A popular history of Bristol (1861) VCH Shropshire Archives Ironbridge Gorge Museum, Shropshire, accounts, incl. as executor of his father RS Friends, Lond. , letters RS Friends, Lond. , corresp. U. Lpool L. , corresp., diary, and papers Shrops. RRC , financial records of Horsehay ironworks Likenesses S. Percy, wax bust, 1810, NPG; repro. in European