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Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician  

Sean Kelsey

Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. William Ashburnham, army officer and politician, was his younger brother. He was educated at Gray's Inn and Peterhouse, Cambridge. His father died in 1620, having wasted his estate and leaving his family in penury. But within two years his heir had so far repaired their broken fortune, that (says the epitaph in ...

Article

Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician  

Barbara C. Murison

Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Cover Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738)

Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738)  

Maker: William Aikman

In 

George Baillie of Jerviswood (1664–1738) by William Aikman, 1717 in a private Scottish collection

Article

See Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker

Image

Cover Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835)

Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835)  

Maker: Thomas Gainsborough

In 

Francis Basset, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835) by Thomas Gainsborough, c. 1786 in the collection of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, William A. Clark

Article

Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner  

Roland Thorne

Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

Article

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

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Cover Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666)

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666)  

Maker: Sir Anthony Van Dyck

In 

Mountjoy Blount, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1637–8 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

Article

Boscawen, Hugh, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier  

A. A. Hanham

Boscawen, Hugh, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier, was the eldest surviving son of Edward Boscawen (1628–1685), a wealthy Turkey merchant and MP, and his wife, Jael (d. 1730), the daughter of Sir Francis Godolphin. Both parents were of prominent Cornish landed families, and their connections at the very heart of politics ensured the future path of ...

Article

Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician  

Clare Jackson

Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Cover Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680)

Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680)  

Maker: Adriaen Hanneman

In 

Alexander Bruce, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680) by Adriaen Hanneman, c. 1660 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T.

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Cover Burke, Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658)

Burke, Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Ulick Burke, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician  

Jane Ohlmeyer

Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician, was the only son of Richard de Burgh, fourth earl of Clanricarde (1572–1635), and his wife, Frances (d. 1632), daughter and heir of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney...

Article

Bussy, Sir John (d. 1399), speaker of the House of Commons and courtier  

James L. Gillespie

Bussy, Sir John (d. 1399), speaker of the House of Commons and courtier, was the son and heir of Sir William Bussy of Hougham, Lincolnshire, and Thistleton, Rutland, and Isabel, daughter of John Paynell of Boothby. Bussy first appears in the records in 1378, when he served overseas under the command of ...

Article

Bysshe, Sir Edward (c. 1610–1679), herald and politician  

Peter Sherlock

Bysshe, Sir Edward (c. 1610–1679), herald and politician, was one of the seven children of Edward Bysshe MP (d. 1655), of Burstow, Surrey, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Turner of Ham, Bletchingley, Surrey. The family had been at Burstow since the fifteenth century, and there his father, a successful lawyer in the ...

Article

Calhoun, Patrick (1727–1796), politician and landowner  

T. F. Henderson

revised by Philip Carter

Calhoun, Patrick (1727–1796), politician and landowner in America, was born in Donegal into a family of Scottish origin. He emigrated to Pennsylvania with his family in 1733, and several years later they moved to the western part of Virginia about 15 miles from the ...

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Cover Calthorpe family (act. 1717–1910)

Calthorpe family (act. 1717–1910)  

Maker: George Romney

In 

Calthorpe (act. 1717–1910) by George Romney, 1779 [Sir Henry Gough, first Baron Calthorpe] © Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, UK

Article

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors  

David Cannadine

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

Article

See Calthorpe family

Article

Campbell family of Cawdor (per. 1511–1821), highland chiefs, landowners, and politicians  

Andrew Mackillop, Jean Munro, and R. W. Munro

Campbell family of Cawdor (per. 1511–1821), highland chiefs, landowners, and politicians, provide a rare example of a Campbell family based some distance from Argyll which until the end of the seventeenth century, following the pattern of the clan, remained closely associated with its chief and his affairs. The family was founded by the marriage in 1511 of ...