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Karim, Abdul (1862/3–1909), Queen Victoria's Indian secretary, was the son of an Indian Muslim, Sheikh Mohammed Waziruddin of Agra, India, a hospital assistant at Rs60 a month. Records suggest he had an older brother and four sisters, a wife and one child. Having been employed as a vernacular clerk in ...


Abdul Karim (1862/33–1909) by Hills & Saunders © National Portrait Gallery, London


Mehemet von Königstreu, (Georg) Ludwig Maximilian (c. 1660–1726), royal administrator, may have been the son of a Turkish pasha who governed Peloponnesian Greece for the Ottoman empire. His Muslim name was Mehemet, by which he is usually known to posterity.

The legend that he and his fellow royal servant ...


Mustapha, Ernst August (d. 1738), royal servant, was probably born in the Ottoman empire. As a young man he was captured in battle by a Swedish officer during the war between the Habsburg and Ottoman empires in the 1680s, and not, as is traditionally stated, by ...