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Aldrich, Robert (1488/9–1556), bishop of Carlisle, was born at Burnham, Buckinghamshire, probably the son of Richard Aldryge; his brother John, a London grocer, died early in 1518. Robert was educated at Eton College, and was admitted as a scholar of King's College, Cambridge...

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Aldridge, Alan Roy (1938–2017), art director and illustrator, was born on 8 July 1938 at the Princess Mary RAF Hospital, Halton, Buckinghamshire, the son of Sydney Roland Aldridge (1904-1984), a corporal in the RAF, based at RAF North Weald, Epping, and his wife, ...

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John Willoughby Tarleton Allen (1904–1979) by unknown photographer, c.1950 by kind permission of Hubert J. B. Allen

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Allen, John Willoughby Tarleton (1904–1979), colonial administrator and Swahili scholar, was born at Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, on 14 November 1904, the second child and only son of the vicar, the Revd Roland Allen (1868–1947), writer and theologian, and his wife, Mary Beatrice, ...

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Alley, William (1510/11–1570), bishop of Exeter, entered Eton College as a scholar from High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, about 1524, and proceeded to King's College, Cambridge, where he was admitted a scholar on 12 August 1528, aged seventeen, and a fellow in 1530. He graduated BA early in 1533 and vacated his fellowship in 1534 on being ordained deacon, and probably also priest—presumably to take up an ecclesiastical post. At this time or later he acquired a mastery of Greek and Hebrew and a knowledge of theology which led him towards protestantism, but little is recorded about his life for the next twenty-five years. By 1544 he had proceeded MA, but from which university is unknown. The ...

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Allibond, John (1596/7–1658), Church of England clergyman and satirist, was born at Chenies, Buckinghamshire, the son of Peter Allibond (1559/60–1629), rector of Chenies. He was a chorister at Magdalen College, Oxford, from 1612 to 1616, matriculated there on 7 June 1616, aged nineteen, and graduated BA on 3 July of the same year. While serving as clerk of ...

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Philip Carter

Anderson, George (1760–1796), colonial official and writer, was born at Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire, in November 1760, the son of William Anderson, labourer. George Anderson also worked on the land from an early age. At the same time he showed an interest in and a remarkable talent for mathematical studies; in 1777 he sent in a series of solutions to problems that had appeared in the ...

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Atkins, Humphrey Edward Gregory, Baron Colnbrook (1922–1996), politician, was born on 12 August 1922 at Tunmers, Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, the only son of Captain Edward Davis Atkins (d. 1925), a former Indian army officer who had settled in Nyeri, Kenya, as a coffee planter, and his wife, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...