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Bartholomew, John George (1860–1920), geographer and cartographer  

See Bartholomew family

Article

Brydone, Patrick (1736–1818), traveller and author  

Katherine Turner

Brydone, Patrick (1736–1818), traveller and author, was born on 5 January 1736, probably in Coldingham, Berwickshire, Scotland, one of the seven children of Robert Brydone (1686?–1761), minister of Coldingham, and Elizabeth, daughter of the previous minister, John Dysart, or Dysert, who were married on 30 June 1727 at ...

Article

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer  

Katherine Prior

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Adam Glegg, chief magistrate of Montrose, was born on 16 May 1805 in Montrose. James Burnes (1801–1862)...

Article

Calderwood [née Steuart], Margaret (1715–1774), diarist and traveller  

Stuart W. McDonald

Calderwood [née Steuart], Margaret (1715–1774), diarist and traveller, was the eldest daughter of Sir James Steuart of Goodtrees and Coltness, baronet (1681–1727), solicitor-general for Scotland, whose father was Sir James Stewart of Goodtrees (1635–1713), and his wife, Anne (d. 1736), daughter of ...

Image

Cover Calderwood, Margaret (1715–1774)

Calderwood, Margaret (1715–1774)  

Maker: Allan Ramsay

In 

Margaret Calderwood (1715–1774) by Allan Ramsay, 1734–5 in the collection of the Dundas-Bekker Family; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Campbell, Lord Neil, of Ardmaddie (c. 1630–1692), colonial speculator  

Linda G. Fryer

Campbell, Lord Neil, of Ardmaddie (c. 1630–1692), colonial speculator, was the second of six children of Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678), second daughter of William Douglas, seventh earl of Morton; his parents lived mainly at Inveraray, Argyll...

Article

Chalmers, James (1841–1901), missionary and explorer  

Andrew Porter

Chalmers, James (1841–1901), missionary and explorer, was born at Ardrishaig, Argyll, on 4 August 1841, the son of John Chalmers (1802–1869), a stonemason from Peterhead. His mother, Mary, née Glen (1808–1876), came from Luss on Loch Lomond. Brought up in Ardrishaig, Lochgilphead, and ...

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Cover Chalmers, James (1841–1901)

Chalmers, James (1841–1901)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

James Chalmers (1841–1901) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Christie, Isabella Robertson [Ella] (1861–1949), traveller and gardener  

Anne Pimlott Baker

Christie, Isabella Robertson [Ella] (1861–1949), traveller and gardener, was born on 21 April 1861 at Millbank, Cockpen, Edinburgh, the second child and elder daughter in the family of one son (d. 1872) and two daughters of John Christie (1824–1902), a Scottish coalmine owner, and his wife, ...

Image

Cover Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827)

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827)  

Maker: G. Manton

In 

Hugh Clapperton (1788–1827) by G. Manton Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa  

Christopher Fyfe

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa, was born at Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, the youngest son of George Clapperton, a surgeon, and his first wife, the daughter of John Johnstone. His mother died when he was a child, and his father remarried. Feckless (he fathered altogether twenty-one children), negligent of his medical practice, and, as a result, impoverished, his father left him to the charge of a spiteful stepmother who cared only for her own children. His schooling was neglected, and he learned little more than to read and write. Eventually the town schoolmaster gave him lessons in practical mathematics and navigation, and he taught himself to draw....

Article

Clinton, Charles (1690–1773), surveyor and landowner  

H. M. Chichester

revised by Philip Carter

Clinton, Charles (1690–1773), surveyor and landowner, was born in Corbay, co. Longford, the grandson of an officer of Charles I's army who had settled in Ireland. He married Elizabeth Denniston (d. in or after 1773), who was of Scots-Irish descent, some time before the family left for ...

Article

Cunningham, Allan (1791–1839), botanist and explorer  

A. M. Lucas

Cunningham, Allan (1791–1839), botanist and explorer, was born on 13 July 1791, at Wimbledon, Surrey, first of two sons of Allan Cunningham (d. 1828), head gardener at Wimbledon House, and Sarah Juson, née Dicken, who died when he was a child. His younger brother was ...

Article

Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia  

G. C. Boase

revised by Andrew Lambert

Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia, fifth and youngest son of John Cunningham (1743–1800) of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, land steward and farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Harley, the daughter of a Dumfries merchant, was born at Dalswinton in November 1789. He was brother of ...

Article

Douglas, David (1799–1834), plant collector and traveller  

Cheryl Piggott

Douglas, David (1799–1834), plant collector and traveller, was born on 25 June 1799 at Scone, Perthshire, one of six children of John Douglas, a stonemason, and his wife, Jean, née Drummond. Quick to learn but often truant from school owing to his passion for natural history, he was apprenticed at the age of ten in the gardens of the ...

Article

Dunlop, Samuel Clarke (1922–2008), master mariner  

Peter Hore

Dunlop, Samuel Clarke (1922–2008), master mariner, was born on 27 November 1922 at Carnlough, co. Antrim, Northern Ireland, the son of William Dunlop, master mariner, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Clarke. He was educated at Belfast Royal Academy. He first went to sea on 3 April 1939 as an indentured cadet in the ...

Article

Elder, John [Jhone Eldar] (fl. 1533–1565), cartographer and propagandist  

Marcus Merriman

Elder, John [Jhone Eldar] (fl. 1533–1565), cartographer and propagandist, was a native of Caithness—a ‘redshank’, as he styled himself. He was educated on Skye and Lewis before continuing his studies at the universities of St Andrews (where he matriculated in 1533), Aberdeen...

Article

Evans, Evan (1882–1965), coach tour operator and local politician  

Anne Pimlott Baker

Evans, Evan (1882–1965), coach tour operator and local politician, was born on 8 November 1882 in Glanyrafon, Betws Leucu, Cardiganshire, the eldest of the six surviving children of David Evans, a tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Davies. After leaving Llangeitho school...

Article

Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia  

John H. Appleby

Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia, was a son of John Farquharson (d. before 1691), from a branch of the family at Milton, Whitehouse, in west Aberdeenshire. He graduated after broadly based studies as Milne bursar (1691–5) at ...

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Cover Fraser, Sir Alexander, of Philorth (1537?–1623)

Fraser, Sir Alexander, of Philorth (1537?–1623)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Sir Alexander Fraser of Philorth (1537?–1623) by unknown artist, 1597 in a private Scottish collection