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Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert  

W. B. Owen

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert, born at Midsomer Norton, Somerset, on 12 February 1813, was the son of Thomas Allies, curate of Henbury, Bristol, and later rector of Wormington, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth Fripp, daughter of a Bristol...

Article

Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher  

Maureen Jurkowski

Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher, was an early disciple of John Wyclif. A native of Worcester diocese, from 1365 to 1372 he was paid as a fellow of Merton College (which produced a large number of Wycliffites), and in 1372 was appointed a royal commissioner to settle a dispute at the university over the election of proctors. He gained the degrees of master of arts and scholar of theology. His career as a Wycliffite preacher had begun by 1382, if not earlier. The ...

Article

Badby, John (d. 1410), Lollard heretic  

Peter McNiven

Badby, John (d. 1410), Lollard heretic, was a craftsman (possibly a tailor or smith) of the diocese of Worcester, who achieved notoriety by his uninhibited denial of the doctrine of transubstantiation. Charged before his bishop, Thomas Peverell, on 2 January 1409, Badby insisted that the bread in the eucharist was not, and could not be, miraculously transformed into ...

Article

Ball, John (d. 1381), chaplain and leader of the peasants' revolt  

Andrew Prescott

Ball, John (d. 1381), chaplain and leader of the peasants' revolt, was of obscure origins. He had been an itinerant radical preacher for nearly twenty years before the revolt. He described himself, in letters circulated during the rising, as 'seynte marye prist...

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Cover Ball, John (d. 1381)
John Ball (d. 1381) manuscript illumination [Front, left] the rebel leader, Wat Tyler (d. 1381) and [centre, on horseback] ] The British Library

Article

Baring, George (1781–1854), leader of the Western Schism and seceder from the Church of England  

Grayson Carter

Baring, George (1781–1854), leader of the Western Schism and seceder from the Church of England, was born on 23 September 1781 in Mincing Lane, City of London, the fifth son of Sir Francis Baring (1740–1810), the founder of Baring Brothers merchant bank and a whig MP, and his wife, ...

Article

Barnard, John [known as John Augustine Bernard] (b. 1660/61, d. in or after 1713), Roman Catholic convert and author  

A. J. Hegarty

Barnard, John [known as John Augustine Bernard] (b. 1660/61, d. in or after 1713), Roman Catholic convert and author, was the son of John Barnard (d. 1683), rector of Waddington, Lincolnshire, and his wife, Lettice, daughter of Peter Heylyn. Having matriculated from ...

Article

Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic  

Michael Wilks

Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic, was the subject of a testimonial issued at Reading on 11 May 1417 by Archbishop Chichele, stating that John Barton, described as a doctor of the city of London, had purged himself in a provincial council held at ...

Article

See Lollard women

Article

Bellasis, Edward (1800–1873), serjeant-at-law and Roman Catholic convert  

H. C. G. Matthew

Bellasis, Edward (1800–1873), serjeant-at-law and Roman Catholic convert, was born at his father's vicarage at Basildon, Berkshire, on 14 October 1800, the only son of the Revd George Bellasis of Queen's College, Oxford, rector of Yattendon and vicar of Basilden (or Basildon) and ...

Article

Best [Beste], Henry Digby (1768–1836), Roman Catholic convert and author  

Rosemary Mitchell

Best [Beste], Henry Digby (1768–1836), Roman Catholic convert and author, was born in Lincoln on 21 October 1768, the son of Henry Best (1730–1782), prebendary of Lincoln from 1762. His mother, Magdalen (d. 1797), the daughter of Kenelm Digby of North Luffenham...

Article

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic  

Henry Summerson

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic, is known only from accounts of her death. The fullest of these, in the great chronicle of London, records that she was a widow and mother, and describes her as 'an old cankyrd heretyke that dotid For age...

Article

Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic  

Charles Kightly

Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic, was born in the diocese of Salisbury, possibly at either Brightwell or Britwell, both in Berkshire, the son of John Welle. First recorded in 1364, as a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, he was a fellow of ...

Article

Bugg, Francis (1640–1727), Quaker apostate  

Caroline L. Leachman

Bugg, Francis (1640–1727), Quaker apostate, was born at Mildenhall, Suffolk, on 10 March 1640 and baptized on 14 March. His father was Robert (d. c.1667), the second son of Francis and Margaret Bugg; his mother, Joan, the daughter of Thomas and ...

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Cover Bugg, Francis (1640–1727)

Bugg, Francis (1640–1727)  

Maker: Frederick Hendrick van Hove

In 

Francis Bugg (1640–1727) by Frederick Hendrick van Hove, 1700 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bulteel, Henry Bellenden (1800–1866), religious controversialist and seceder from the Church of England  

Timothy C. F. Stunt

Bulteel, Henry Bellenden (1800–1866), religious controversialist and seceder from the Church of England, was born on 14 September 1800 at Bellevue, Turnchapel, Plymstock, the fourth of the ten children of Thomas Hillersdon Bulteel (1766–1815) of Bellevue, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Christopher Harris...

Article

Carier, Benjamin (bap. 1565, d. 1614), Church of England clergyman and Roman Catholic convert  

Antony Charles Ryan

Carier, Benjamin (bap. 1565, d. 1614), Church of England clergyman and Roman Catholic convert, was baptized on 6 January 1565 at Boughton Monchelsea, Kent, the third child and eldest son of the four sons and five daughters of Anthony Carier (d. 1580)...

Article

Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?), Roman Catholic priest and apostate author  

William E. Burns

Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?), Roman Catholic priest and apostate, was the son of William Carpenter (d. 1611) of Denshanger, Passenham, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Piggot of Doddershall, Quainton, Buckinghamshire. Born at Doddershall, he had one brother and two sisters. ...

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Cover Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?)

Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?)  

Maker: William Marshall

In 

Richard Carpenter (1604/55–?1670) by William Marshall, 1641 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel  

Linda Clark

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel, was the elder son of Roger Cheyne (1362–1414) of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire, one of the leaders of the Lollard movement in the early fifteenth century. Roger may well have adopted his heretical leanings through the influence of the prominent Lollard knight and diplomat ...