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Article

Ayscough, Francis (1701–1763), courtier and Church of England clergyman  

M. St John Parker

Ayscough, Francis (1701–1763), courtier and Church of England clergyman, was born in Surrey on 19 December 1701 and baptized on 25 December in St Olave's, Southwark, the second son of Gabriel Ayscough (bap. 1668) and his wife, Mary. He was educated at ...

Article

Bertie [née Willoughby; other married name Brandon], Katherine, duchess of Suffolk (1519–1580), noblewoman and protestant patron  

Susan Wabuda

Bertie [née Willoughby; other married name Brandon], Katherine, duchess of Suffolk (1519–1580), noblewoman and protestant patron, was the daughter of William Willoughby, eleventh Baron Willoughby de Eresby, a baron whose holdings ran to some thirty manors in Lincolnshire (and almost as many in ...

Article

Bertie, Richard (1517–1582), landowner and religious evangelical  

Susan Wabuda

Bertie, Richard (1517–1582), landowner and religious evangelical, was the eldest son of Thomas Bertie (d. 1555), of Bearsted, Kent, and his wife, a member of the Say family of Shropshire. In February 1534 he was admitted to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, aged sixteen. Having graduated BA in 1537, he became a probationary fellow of ...

Article

Carleton, George (1529–1590), landowner and puritan  

Patrick Collinson

revised

Carleton, George (1529–1590), landowner and puritan, was the second son of John Carleton of Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, and Brightwell Baldwin, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Joyce, daughter of John Welbeck of Oxenheath, Kent. His maternal grandmother was Margaret Culpepper, an aunt of Queen Katherine Howard...

Image

Cover Charles I (1600–1649)

Charles I (1600–1649)  

Maker: Sir Anthony Van Dyck

In 

Charles I (1600–1649) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1635 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

Article

Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland  

Mark A. Kishlansky and John Morrill

Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...

Article

Copley, Thomas (1532–1584), landowner and Roman Catholic exile  

Michael A. R. Graves

Copley, Thomas (1532–1584), landowner and Roman Catholic exile, was born between February and May 1532, eldest son of Sir Roger Copley (d. 1549), landowner and member of the Mercers' Company, and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1559/60), daughter of Sir William Shelley...

Article

Dalton, John Neale (1839–1931), Church of England clergyman and royal tutor  

Richard Davenport-Hines

Dalton, John Neale (1839–1931), Church of England clergyman and royal tutor, was born on the Isle of Thanet, Kent, on 24 September 1839, the eldest of five sons (among nine children) of John Neale Dalton (1808–1880), a Church of England clergyman, and his wife (and first cousin), ...

Article

Douglas, James, fourth Baron Douglas (1787–1857), Church of England clergyman and aristocrat  

Henry Paton

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Douglas, James, fourth Baron Douglas (1787–1857), Church of England clergyman and aristocrat, fifth son of Archibald Stewart Douglas, first Baron Douglas (1748–1827), and his second wife, Lady Frances Scott (1750–1817), youngest daughter of Francis Scott, earl of Dalkeith, was born on 9 July 1787. Having been educated for the church at ...

Article

Fothergill, Anthony (1685/6–1761), landowner and theological writer  

Edwin Cannan

revised by Adam Jacob Levin

Fothergill, Anthony (1685/6–1761), landowner and theological writer, was baptized on 9 December 1686 at Ravenstone, Westmorland, the youngest son of Thomas Fothergill of Brownber, Ravenstonedale, farmer. Like his forefathers and descendants for many generations, he owned the estate of Brownber and lived and died there. Though he is said to have had no '...

Article

Hales, Sir Edward, third baronet and Jacobite first earl of Tenterden (1645–1695), courtier and Roman Catholic convert  

Paul Hopkins

Hales, Sir Edward, third baronet and Jacobite first earl of Tenterden (1645–1695), courtier and Roman Catholic convert, was born on 28 September 1645, the eldest son (of four) of Sir Edward Hales, second baronet (1626–1683/4), of Tunstall Place, Kent, and his wife, Anne (...

Image

Cover Honywood, Mary (1527–1620)

Honywood, Mary (1527–1620)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Mary Honywood (1527–1620) by unknown artist, c.1620 Colchester and Ipswich Museum Service

Article

Honywood [née Waters], Mary (1527–1620), matriarch and sustainer of protestant martyrs  

Jacqueline Eales

Honywood [née Waters], Mary (1527–1620), matriarch and sustainer of protestant martyrs, was the daughter and coheir of Robert Waters, esquire, of Lenham, Kent, where she was born. In 1543 Mary married Robert Honywood, esquire, of Charing, Kent. The couple had 16 children and by the time of her death she had 114 grandchildren, 228 great-grandchildren, and 9 great-great-grandchildren. As ...

Article

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor  

J. G. Elzinga

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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Cover Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595)

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Philip Howard [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Jermyn, Sir Robert (1538/9–1614), gentleman and patron of puritans  

John Craig

Jermyn, Sir Robert (1538/9–1614), gentleman and patron of puritans, was the third but eldest surviving son of Sir Ambrose Jermyn (c.1510–1577) and Anne (d. 1568), daughter and coheir of George Heveningham. His early years are obscure. He may have matriculated at ...

Article

Montagu, Walter (1604/5–1677), courtier and abbot of St Martin  

Thompson Cooper

revised by Edward Charles Metzger

Montagu, Walter (1604/5–1677), courtier and abbot of St Martin, was born in the parish of St Botolph Aldgate, London, the second of four sons of Henry Montagu, first earl of Manchester (c. 1564–1642), and his first wife, Catherine (d. 1612), second daughter of ...

Article

Russell [née Harington], Lucy, countess of Bedford (bap. 1581, d. 1627), courtier and patron of the arts  

Helen Payne

Russell [née Harington], Lucy, countess of Bedford (bap. 1581, d. 1627), courtier and patron of the arts, was baptized on 25 January 1581 at St Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, Middlesex, the elder daughter of John Harington, first Baron Harington of Exton...

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Cover Russell, Lucy, countess of Bedford (bap. 1581, d. 1627)

Russell, Lucy, countess of Bedford (bap. 1581, d. 1627)  

Maker: William Larkin

In 

Lucy Russell, countess of Bedford (bap. 1581, d. 1627) attrib. William Larkin, c. 1615 National Museum of Fine Arts, Sweden

Article

Townshend [née Bacon], Anne, Lady Townshend (1573–1622), gentlewoman and benefactor  

Gaby Mahlberg

Townshend [née Bacon], Anne, Lady Townshend (1573–1622), gentlewoman and benefactor, was born in Waxham on the north Norfolk coast in August 1573 and baptized at Cockthorpe on 7 August, the eldest of three daughters and a coheir of Sir Nathaniel Bacon (1546?–1622)...