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Alden, Sir Percy (1865–1944), social worker and politician  

M. C. Curthoys and Tim Wales

Alden, Sir Percy (1865–1944), social worker and politician, was born at Walton Street, in St Thomas's parish, Oxford, on 6 June 1865, the third of six sons (there was also a daughter) of Isaac Alden (b. 1834), a master butcher, and his wife, ...

Article

Appleby, Sir William (1732–1796), eccentric and municipal reformer  

C. D. Watkinson

Appleby, Sir William (1732–1796), eccentric and municipal reformer, was born at Durham on 15 September 1732, the third surviving son of Edward Appleby (1702–1736), a grocer, who was said to have introduced the bleaching of linen cloth from Ireland to Durham, and his wife, ...

Article

Archdale, John (1642–1717), colonial governor  

Peter H. Wood

Archdale, John (1642–1717), colonial governor, was born about 5 May 1642, the son of Mary Nevill and Thomas Archdale, a landowner in the parish of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire; Thomas Archdale was the son of London merchant Richard Archdale, who had purchased the manors of ...

Article

Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist  

A. J. Gritt

Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

Article

Baker, Beatrice May (1876–1973), headmistress and internationalist  

Christopher Watkins

Baker, Beatrice May (1876–1973), headmistress and internationalist, was born at 2 High Street, Hereford on 4 May 1876, the third daughter and youngest child in the family of three daughters and a son of Edward Joseph Baker (bap. 1837, d. 1924), a gentleman's tailor in ...

Article

See Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker

Article

Baker, George (1825–1910), municipal politician and philanthropist  

Scott Pettitt

Baker, George (1825–1910), municipal politician and philanthropist, was born at Birmingham, on 11 May 1825, the eldest son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Edward Baker (1800–1857), grocer and later blacking manufacturer, and his wife, Maria, née Downing (1794/5–1869)...

Article

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner  

David Howell

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner, was born Philip John Baker at Woodstock, Brondesbury Park, London, on 1 November 1889, the sixth and penultimate child of (Joseph) Allen Baker (1852–1918) and his wife, Elizabeth Balmer Moscrip. His father had moved to ...

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Cover Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982)

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982)  

Maker: Howard Coster

Philip John Noel- Baker, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982) by Howard Coster, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barclay of Ury, David (1610–1686), soldier and politician  

See Barclay, Robert, of Ury

Article

Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690), religious writer and colonial governor  

Gordon DesBrisay

Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690), religious writer and colonial governor, was born at Gordonstown, Moray, on 23 December 1648, the eldest of the five children of David Barclay of Ury (1610–1686), soldier and politician, and Katherine Gordon (1620–1663), daughter of Sir Robert Gordon...

Article

Barnard, Sir John (c. 1685–1764), politician  

D. W. Hayton

Barnard, Sir John (c. 1685–1764), politician, was born of Quaker parentage about 1685 at Reading, presumably in or near his maternal grandfather's estate of Play Hatch. Brought up in London, where his father was a prosperous wine merchant, and educated at a Quaker school in ...

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Cover Barnard, Sir John (c. 1685–1764)

Barnard, Sir John (c. 1685–1764)  

Maker: Jacques-Antoine Dassier

In 

Sir John Barnard (c. 1685–1764) by Jacques-Antoine Dassier, 1744 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barnes, William Peter Ward (1919–2011), public servant and administrator  

T. A. B. Corley

Barnes, William Peter Ward (1919–2011), public servant and administrator, was born on 16 April 1919 in the master's house, the Temple, London, the younger son (there were no daughters) of Ernest William Barnes (1874–1953), master of the Temple and later bishop of Birmingham...

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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist  

David Eastwood

revised

Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 4 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1754–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton...

Article

Beaufoy, Henry Hanbury (1750–1795), politician  

G. M. Ditchfield

Beaufoy, Henry Hanbury (1750–1795), politician, was born in November 1750 at Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth, Surrey, the second child and eldest son of Mark Beaufoy (1718–1782), a distiller and vinegar brewer, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1720–1772), the daughter of Capel Hanbury of ...

Article

Bell, Jacob (1810–1859), pharmacist and politician  

Juanita Burnby

Bell, Jacob (1810–1859), pharmacist and politician, was born on 5 March 1810 at 338 Oxford Street, London, the eldest surviving son of John Bell (1774–1849), pharmacist, and his wife, Eliza (d. 1839), daughter of Frederick Smith, pharmacist of the Haymarket, London, and his wife, ...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant  

Tim Hitchcock

Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

Article

Bennett, Richard (1608–1675), colonial governor  

Carla Gardina Pestana

Bennett, Richard (1608–1675), colonial governor, was the nephew of the early Virginia merchant Edward Bennett, and may have been the Richard Bennett baptized in Somerset on 6 August 1609, the son of Thomas Bennett, though this is not certain. He went to Virginia...

Article

Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician  

C. V. J. Griffiths

Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician, was born on 5 January 1861 at 82 King William Street, City of London, one of at least two daughters of William Bentham, an inspector and later general manager of the Standard Life Assurance Company, and his wife, ...