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Addington, Henry, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844), prime minister  

J. E. Cookson

Addington, Henry, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844), prime minister, was born on 30 May 1757, the fourth child and eldest son of Anthony Addington (1713–1790), physician, and his wife, Mary (d. 1778), daughter and heir of the Revd Haviland John Hiley, headmaster of ...

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Cover Addington, Henry, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844)

Addington, Henry, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844)  

Maker: Sir William Beechey

In 

Henry Addington, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844) by Sir William Beechey, in or before 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Andrews, John Miller (1871–1956), prime minister of Northern Ireland  

Patrick Buckland

revised

Andrews, John Miller (1871–1956), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 17 July 1871 at Ardara, Comber, co. Down, the eldest child in the family of four sons and one daughter of Thomas Andrews DL, flax spinner, also of Ardara, and his wife, ...

Article

Asquith, Herbert Henry, first earl of Oxford and Asquith (1852–1928), prime minister  

H. C. G. Matthew

Asquith, Herbert Henry, first earl of Oxford and Asquith (1852–1928), prime minister, was born on 12 September 1852 at Croft House, Morley, Yorkshire. He was registered at birth as Herbert Asquith, and was known by that name until he was about forty, being called ...

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Cover Asquith, Herbert Henry, first earl of Oxford and Asquith (1852–1928)

Asquith, Herbert Henry, first earl of Oxford and Asquith (1852–1928)  

Maker: George Charles Beresford

In 

Herbert Henry Asquith, first earl of Oxford and Asquith (1852–1928) by George Charles Beresford, 1908 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Attlee, Clement Richard, first Earl Attlee (1883–1967), prime minister  

R. C. Whiting

Attlee, Clement Richard, first Earl Attlee (1883–1967), prime minister, was born on 3 January 1883 at Westcott, 18 Portinscale Road, Putney, London, the seventh of the eight children of Henry Attlee (1841–1908), solicitor, and his wife, Ellen (1847–1920), daughter of Thomas Watson of ...

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Cover Attlee, Clement Richard, first Earl Attlee (1883–1967)

Attlee, Clement Richard, first Earl Attlee (1883–1967)  

Maker: Sir James Gunn

In 

Clement Richard Attlee, first Earl Attlee (1883–1967) by Sir James Gunn, 1950 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947), prime minister  

Stuart Ball

Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947), prime minister, was born at Lower Park House, Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 3 August 1867, the only child of Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) and his wife, Louisa Macdonald (1845–1925) [see Baldwin, Louisa], under [Macdonald sisters...

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Cover Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947)

Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947)  

Maker: Vandyk

In 

Stanley Baldwin, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947) by Vandyk, 1927 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher  

Ruddock Mackay and H. C. G. Matthew

Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Cover Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930)

Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930)  

Maker: John Singer Sargent

Arthur James Balfour, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930) by John Singer Sargent, 1908 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bannerman, Sir Henry Campbell- (1836–1908), prime minister  

A. J. A. Morris

Bannerman, Sir Henry Campbell- (1836–1908), prime minister, was born at Kelvinside, Glasgow, on 7 September 1836, the second son and the youngest of the six children of Sir James Campbell (1790–1876) and his wife, Janet, née Bannerman (d. 1873). His extra surname was acquired as a condition of inheriting his maternal uncle's estate in 1871. He did not like his '...

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Cover Bannerman, Sir Henry Campbell- (1836–1908)

Bannerman, Sir Henry Campbell- (1836–1908)  

Maker: George Charles Beresford

Sir Henry Campbell- Bannerman (1836–1908) by George Charles Beresford, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)

Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)  

Maker: Sir Thomas Lawrence

In 

William Henry Cavendish Cavendish- Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, completed 1792 Bristol Museums and Art Gallery

Article

Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-, third duke of Portland (1738–1809), prime minister  

David Wilkinson

Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-, third duke of Portland (1738–1809), prime minister, was born on 14 April 1738, the eldest son of William Bentinck, second duke of Portland (1709–1762), courtier and landowner, and his wife, Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley (1715–1785), the only daughter and heir of the ...

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Cover Brooke, Basil Stanlake, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973)

Brooke, Basil Stanlake, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973)  

Maker: Howard Coster

In 

Basil Stanlake Brooke, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973) by Howard Coster, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Brooke, Basil Stanlake, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973), prime minister of Northern Ireland  

Brian Barton

Brooke, Basil Stanlake, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 9 June 1888 at Colebrooke Park, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, the eldest of five children (three sons and two daughters) of Sir Arthur Douglas Brooke, fourth baronet (1865–1907), of ...

Article

Brugha, Cathal [formerly Charles William St John Burgess] (1874–1922), president of Dáil Éireann  

Brian P. Murphy

Brugha, Cathal [formerly Charles William St John Burgess] (1874–1922), president of Dáil Éireann, was born on 18 July 1874 at 13 Richmond Avenue, Dublin, one of fourteen children born to Thomas Burgess (1827–1899), an importer of works of art, and his wife, ...

Article

Callaghan, Leonard James [Jim], Baron Callaghan of Cardiff (1912–2005), prime minister  

Roy Hattersley

Callaghan, Leonard James [Jim], Baron Callaghan of Cardiff (1912–2005), prime minister, was born at 38 Funtington Road, Copnor, Portsmouth, on 27 March 1912, the only son and younger child of James Callaghan, formerly Garoghan (1877–1921), a sailor who rose to the rank of chief petty officer in the ...

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Cover Callaghan, Leonard James [Jim], Baron Callaghan of Cardiff (1912–2005)

Callaghan, Leonard James [Jim], Baron Callaghan of Cardiff (1912–2005)  

Maker: Bryan Organ

In 

Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff (1912–2005) by Bryan Organ, 1983 © National Portrait Gallery, London