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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour  

Michael Hicks

Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

Article

Barton, Robert [called Hob a Barton] (d. 1540), sea captain and administrator  

Athol Murray

Barton, Robert [called Hob a Barton] (d. 1540), sea captain and administrator, known to the English as the pirate Hob a Barton, was one of three sons of John Barton, sea captain in Leith, the port of Edinburgh. Some time prior to 1476 his father's ship and goods were captured by Portuguese ships. ...

Article

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul  

Howard Temperley

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul, was born near Whitby. Little is known about his early years beyond the fact that in 1805, while serving aboard a coasting vessel, he was captured by a French privateer and held prisoner until the peace of 1814. He subsequently joined the ...

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Cover Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian (1868–1926)

Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian (1868–1926)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell (1868–1926) by unknown photographer, c. 1900 Getty Images

Article

Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian (1868–1926), traveller, archaeologist, and diplomatist  

Liora Lukitz

Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian (1868–1926), traveller, archaeologist, and diplomatist, was born at Washington Hall, co. Durham, on 14 July 1868, the elder child and only daughter of (Thomas) Hugh Bell (1844–1931), an ironmaster, who succeeded his father as second baronet in 1904, and his first wife, ...

Article

Bell, John (1691–1780), diplomatist and traveller  

Robert Harrison

revised by Philip Carter

Bell, John (1691–1780), diplomatist and traveller, the son of Patrick Bell of Antermony, Stirlingshire, and Anabel Stirling of Craigbarnet, was born on his father's estate at Antermony. No details of his education are extant, but it is stated that, after obtaining the degree of doctor of medicine, he decided to visit foreign countries. He obtained letters of recommendation to ...

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Cover Blogg, Henry George (1876–1954)

Blogg, Henry George (1876–1954)  

Maker: Thomas Cantrell Dugdale

In 

Henry George Blogg (1876–1954) by Thomas Cantrell Dugdale, 1942 © reserved; photograph courtesy of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution

Article

Blogg, Henry George (1876–1954), lifeboat coxswain  

H. M. Palmer

revised

Blogg, Henry George (1876–1954), lifeboat coxswain, was born in Cromer on 6 February 1876, the son of Ellen Blogg. He was educated at the Goldsmiths' School, Cromer, where he proved quick at learning and revealed an unusually retentive memory. He took no part in games, failed to defend himself against bullying, and never learned to swim. When nearly twelve he began life as a longshore fisherman. In 1894 he joined the ...

Article

Browne, Sir Stewart Gore- (1883–1967), settler and politician in Northern Rhodesia  

A. D. Roberts

Browne, Sir Stewart Gore- (1883–1967), settler and politician in Northern Rhodesia, was born in London on 3 May 1883, the elder son of the barrister Sir Francis Gore-Browne (1860–1922), and his wife, Helenor (b. 1858), elder daughter of John Archibald Shaw-Stewart. His grandfather ...

Article

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer  

Katherine Prior

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Adam Glegg, chief magistrate of Montrose, was born on 16 May 1805 in Montrose. James Burnes (1801–1862)...

Article

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author  

Andrew Thrush

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author, was the elder son of the second marriage of John Butler (d. 1614) of the Toft, in Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire, and Mary, daughter of James Gedge and widow of ...

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Cover Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632)

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632)  

Maker: Daniel Mytens

In 

George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved

Article

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America  

John D. Krugler

Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

Article

Carney [married name McBride], (Maria) Winifred [Winnie] (1887–1943), trade unionist, suffrage activist, and Irish republican  

Eliza McKee

Carney [married name McBride], (Maria) Winifred, [Winnie] (1887–1943), trade unionist, suffrage activist, and Irish republican, was born at Bangor, co. Down, on 4 December 1887, the youngest of six children of Alfred Ernest Carney (1848–1929), a commercial traveller who was a Protestant, and his wife, ...

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Cover Carney, (Maria) Winifred [Winnie] (1887–1943)

Winnie Carney (1887–1943), by unknown artist, c. 1912

Reproduced courtesy of the National Library of Ireland (Ms 33,718/A(22))

Article

Caswell, Richard (1729–1789), surveyor and politician in America  

William S. Powell

Caswell, Richard (1729–1789), surveyor and politician in America, was born on 3 August 1729 at Mulberry Point, a plantation overlooking Chesapeake Bay, near Joppa, Baltimore county, Maryland, the son of Richard Caswell, merchant and public official, and Christian Dallam (b. c.1690)...

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Cover Cholmondeley, Hugh, third Baron Delamere (1870–1931)

Cholmondeley, Hugh, third Baron Delamere (1870–1931)  

Maker: unknown artist

Hugh Cholmondeley, third Baron Delamere (1870–1931) by unknown artist, 1923 © reserved

Article

Cholmondeley, Hugh, third Baron Delamere (1870–1931), settler in Kenya and politician  

Anthony Clayton

Cholmondeley, Hugh, third Baron Delamere (1870–1931), settler in Kenya and politician, was born in London on 28 April 1870, the only son of Hugh Cholmondeley, second Baron Delamere (1811–1887), and his second wife, Augusta Emily (d. 1911), eldest daughter of Sir George Hamilton Seymour...

Article

Colquhoun, Archibald Ross (1848–1914), explorer, colonial administrator, and author  

Donal Lowry

Colquhoun, Archibald Ross (1848–1914), explorer, colonial administrator, and author, was born at sea off the Cape of Good Hope in March 1848, the fifth of six children of Dr Archibald Colquhoun (c.1804–1890) of Edinburgh, an employee of the East India Company...

Article

Curzon, George Nathaniel, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (1859–1925), politician, traveller, and viceroy of India  

David Gilmour

Curzon, George Nathaniel, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (1859–1925), politician, traveller, and viceroy of India, was born on 11 January 1859 at Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, the second of the eleven children of the Revd Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon, fourth Baron Scarsdale (1831–1916), rector of ...