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Bradeston, Thomas, Lord Bradeston (d. 1360), soldier and royal councillor  

Nigel Saul

Bradeston, Thomas, Lord Bradeston (d. 1360), soldier and royal councillor, was probably the son of Robert de Bradeston, a minor landowner of Breadstone, Gloucestershire. The Bradestons were close allies of the Berkeleys of Berkeley Castle, their near neighbours, and Thomas probably began his career in the ...

Article

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier  

S. J. Gunn

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Cover Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545)

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Charles Brandon, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) by unknown artist, c. 1540–45 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Burley, Sir Simon (1336?–1388), soldier and courtier  

John L. Leland

Burley, Sir Simon (1336?–1388), soldier and courtier, was the second of at least three sons of a minor Herefordshire landowner, perhaps Roger Burley (fl. 1322–1331); Simon's nephew was also named Roger. Simon's elder brother Sir John Burley, and John's son Sir Richard...

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Cover Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623)

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Thomas Cecil, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623) by unknown artist, c. 1610 The Burghley House Collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier  

Richard Milward

Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

Article

Devereux, John, Baron Devereux (d. 1393), soldier and royal councillor  

Carole Rawcliffe

Devereux, John, Baron Devereux (d. 1393), soldier and royal councillor, of Dinton, Buckinghamshire, was reputedly a younger son of William Devereux of Bodenham, Herefordshire, but his background remains obscure. The foundations of his reputation for military prowess were already laid before 1366 (by when he was certainly a knight), the year he was recruited by the great Breton commander ...

Article

Fitzalan, Richard, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), soldier, diplomat, and royal councillor  

C. Given-Wilson

Fitzalan, Richard, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), soldier, diplomat, and royal councillor, known as ‘Copped Hat’, was the son of Edmund Fitzalan, second earl of Arundel (1285–1326), and Alice, sister of John de Warenne, seventh earl of Surrey...

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Cover Gage, Sir John (1479–1556)

Gage, Sir John (1479–1556)  

Maker: Hans Holbein the younger

In 

Sir John Gage (1479–1556) by Hans Holbein the younger The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

Article

Gage, Sir John (1479–1556), military administrator and courtier  

David Potter

Gage, Sir John (1479–1556), military administrator and courtier, was born on 28 October 1479 at Burstow, Surrey, the only son of William Gage of Burstow (d. 1497) and Agnes (d. 1501), daughter of Bartholomew Bolney, of Bolney, Sussex. He was baptized the same day at ...

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Grey, Richard de (d. before 1272), baron and member of Henry III's military household  

Robert C. Stacey

Grey, Richard de (d. before 1272), baron and member of Henry III's military household, was the eldest son of Henry de Grey of Codnor, Derbyshire, and Thurrock, Essex (d. 1219), and Isolda (d. 1246), sister and coheir of Robert Bardolf of ...

Article

Hay, John, of Cromlix, Jacobite duke of Inverness (1691–1740), Jacobite courtier and army officer  

Margaret D. Sankey

Hay, John, of Cromlix, Jacobite duke of Inverness (1691–1740), Jacobite courtier and army officer, was the third son of Thomas Hay, seventh earl of Kinnoull (c.1660–1719), and Elizabeth (1669–1696), only daughter of William Drummond, first viscount of Strathallan. George Hay, eighth earl of Kinnoull...

Article

Ingham, Oliver, Lord Ingham (c. 1287–1344), soldier and seneschal of Aquitaine  

Malcolm Vale

Ingham, Oliver, Lord Ingham (c. 1287–1344), soldier and seneschal of Aquitaine, was son and heir of Sir John Ingham (1260–1309), of Ingham, Norfolk, and his wife, Margery. His father served in Edward I's Scottish wars and he was himself summoned for military service in ...

Article

Manners, Henry, second earl of Rutland (1526–1563), courtier and soldier  

M. M. Norris

Manners, Henry, second earl of Rutland (1526–1563), courtier and soldier, was born on 23 September 1526 and baptized after 24 December at Elsinges Manor, Enfield, Middlesex, the eldest son of five sons and six daughters of Thomas Manners, first earl of Rutland (c. 1497–1543)...

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Radcliffe, Robert, fifth earl of Sussex (1573–1629), soldier and courtier  

Victor Stater

Radcliffe, Robert, fifth earl of Sussex (1573–1629), soldier and courtier, was born on 12 June 1573, the son of Henry Radcliffe, fourth earl of Sussex (1533–1593), and his wife, Honor (d. 1593), daughter of Anthony Pound of Farlington, Hampshire. His birthplace is unknown, though it may well have been ...

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Radcliffe, Robert, first earl of Sussex (1482/3–1542), soldier and courtier  

David Grummitt

Radcliffe, Robert, first earl of Sussex (1482/3–1542), soldier and courtier, was the son and heir of John Ratcliffe, sixth Baron Fitzwalter (1452–1496), and his wife, Margaret. The sixth baron was attainted and executed in 1496 for his part in the Perkin Warbeck conspiracy and it was not until November 1505 that the attainder was reversed. His son was first summoned to ...

Article

Reymes, Bullen (1613–1672), army officer, courtier, and government official  

R. O. Bucholz

Reymes, Bullen (1613–1672), army officer, courtier, and government official, was born on 28 December 1613 at Petre Hayes, Devon, the eldest son and heir of Bullen Reymes (1586–1652) of Westminster, a courtier and gentleman usher to the duchess of Buckingham, and Mary (1585–1660)...

Article

Scrope, William, earl of Wiltshire (1351?–1399), soldier, administrator, and courtier  

Brigette Vale

Scrope, William, earl of Wiltshire (1351?–1399), soldier, administrator, and courtier, was the eldest son of Richard Scrope, first Baron Scrope of Bolton (c. 1327–1403), and Blanche de la Pole, sister of Michael, earl of Suffolk. He followed in the footsteps of his father in entering the service of ...