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À Lasco [Laski], John (1499–1560), evangelical reformer, was born in Lask, Poland, the second of three sons and brother to four daughters of Jarslov Laski (d. 1521?), voivode of Sieradz, and Susanna Bak (fl. 1484–1510), daughter of the Bakova-Gora councilman Zbigniew Bak...

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Blount, Edward (1769–1843), campaigner for Roman Catholic civil rights, was born on 18 July 1769, the second of the three children of Sir Walter Blount, sixth baronet (d. 1785), of Sodington, and his wife, Mary Aston, daughter of James, fifth Lord Aston of Forfar...

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Browne, Thomas, fourth Viscount Kenmare (1726–1795), landowner and politician, was born in April 1726, probably at Killarney, co. Kerry, the second of four children of Valentine Browne, third Viscount Kenmare (1695–1736), landowner, and his first wife, Honoria Butler (d. 1730), daughter of ...

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Curry, John (1702/3–1780), historian and religious activist, was born in Dublin. According to the short memoir prepared by Charles O'Conor, which is the only source of information on Curry's background and early life, he was descended from the O'Corra family, most of whose properties in ...

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Edwards, (Samuel Jules) Celestine (1857?–1894), Methodist evangelist and journal editor, was born, probably on 28 December 1857, at Burns, Dominica, in the West Indies, one of ten children. His father was a sailor, who died about 1867; little is known of his mother except that she was alive in 1894. ...

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Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist, was born in the House of Dun, between Montrose and Brechin, the elder son of John Erskine of Dun (d. 1513), and of Margaret Ruthven (d. 1548), widow of Alexander Stewart, first earl of Buchan...

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Hügel, Anatole Andreas Aloys von, Baron von Hügel in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1854–1928), ethnologist and promoter of the admission of Roman Catholics to Cambridge University, was born in Florence on 29 September 1854, the second of three sons of ...

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Keogh, John (1740–1817), campaigner for Roman Catholic rights, was born in humble circumstances to Cornelius Keogh (1708–1774), labourer, and Abigail Keogh (1711–1779) in Dublin. He made his fortune in silk and brewing in Dublin, and from the lease and purchase of land. In addition to his home at ...

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Menzies, John (1624–1684), Church of Scotland minister and religious controversialist, was born in Aberdeen. He was said to have been brought up a Roman Catholic, but must have converted to protestantism at an early age; his parents are unknown. He was admitted to ...

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Ochino, Bernardino (c. 1487–1564/5), Capuchin friar and evangelical reformer, was, according to his later writings, born in Siena about 1487, the son of a barber, Domenico Tommasini. He is said to have taken his name from the district of Oca ('the goose...

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Romanes [née Duncan], Ethel (1856–1927), writer and religious activist, was born at Ashfield, Wavertree, Lancashire, on 15 August 1856, the daughter and heir of Andrew Duncan, a general merchant, and his wife, Gertrude, née Radcliffe. She was educated privately. On 11 February 1879 she married ...

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Pietro Martire Vermigli (1499–1562) by unknown artist, 1560 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Vermigli, Pietro Martire [Peter Martyr] (1499–1562), evangelical reformer, was born in Florence on 8 September 1499, the son of Stefano Vermigli (c.1456–c.1528) and Maria Fumantina (d. 1511). At his baptism he received the name Piero Mariano, possibly in honour of the contemporary Florentine preacher ...

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Verstegan [formerly Rowlands], Richard (1548x50–1640), writer and intelligence informant, was born in one of the east London liberties, probably between 1548 and 1550, the son of John Rowlands, a cooper, and grandson of Theodore Rowland Verstegan, a refugee from Gelderland; his father had adopted the patronym ...