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Abbot, John (1587/8–c. 1650), Roman Catholic priest and poet  

Richard D. Jordan

Abbot, John (1587/8–c. 1650), Roman Catholic priest and poet, is of unknown parentage and is variously recorded as 'of London' and 'of Leicester'. He was born a protestant, and was reputedly a nephew of George Abbot, who became archbishop of ...

Article

Ackland, Mary Kathleen Macrory- [pseud. Valentine Ackland] (1906–1969), poet  

Claire Harman

Ackland, Mary Kathleen Macrory- [pseud. Valentine Ackland] (1906–1969), poet, was born on 20 May 1906 at 54 Brook Street, Mayfair, London, the younger daughter of Robert Craig Ackland (1865–1923), a West End dental surgeon, and his wife, Ruth Kathleen, née Macrory (1876/7–1961)...

Article

Adams, Robert (1917–1984), sculptor and designer  

Alastair Grieve

Adams, Robert (1917–1984), sculptor and designer, was born at 22 Thirlestane Road, Far Cotton, Northamptonshire, on 5 October 1917, the youngest of the three children of Arthur Adams (b. 1878), a master grocer and market gardener, and his first wife, Emily, ...

Article

Alabaster, William (1568–1640), Church of England clergyman and writer  

Francis J. Bremer

Alabaster, William (1568–1640), Church of England clergyman and writer, was born in Hadleigh, Suffolk, on 27 February 1568, the son of Roger Alabaster (c.1539–1618), a merchant; his mother was Bridget Winthrop (1543–1614), whose father had been master of the Clothworkers and lord of ...

Image

Cover Alabaster, William (1568–1640)

Alabaster, William (1568–1640)  

Maker: John Payne

In 

William Alabaster (1568–1640) by John Payne (after Cornelius Johnson) © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Alexandre, Pierre [pseud. Simon Alexius] (c. 1498–1563), prior of Arras and theologian  

Richard Copsey

Alexandre, Pierre [pseud. Simon Alexius] (c. 1498–1563), prior of Arras and theologian, was born in Arras where he entered the Carmelite priory. He studied theology at Paris, gaining his doctorate there on 11 December 1534. This suggests he was born about 1498. Having become Carmelite prior at ...

Article

Alfield, Thomas (1552–1585), Roman Catholic priest and martyr  

Antony Charles Ryan

Alfield, Thomas (1552–1585), Roman Catholic priest and martyr, was born in Gloucester, the son of Robert Alfield (b. c.1514), who was a fellow of King's College, Cambridge, between 1535 and about 1539, and a master at Eton College and Gloucester School...

Article

Allen, Thomas (1540?–1632), mathematician and antiquary  

A. J. Turner

Allen, Thomas (1540?–1632), mathematician and antiquary, was probably born on 21 December 1540 (though some sources suggest 1542) at Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of William Allen. His family were local gentry who are known to have had Roman Catholic connections. Two of his four uncles also lived at ...

Article

Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert  

W. B. Owen

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert, born at Midsomer Norton, Somerset, on 12 February 1813, was the son of Thomas Allies, curate of Henbury, Bristol, and later rector of Wormington, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth Fripp, daughter of a Bristol...

Article

Anderdon, William Henry (1816–1890), Jesuit  

Thompson Cooper

revised by Rosemary Mitchell

Anderdon, William Henry (1816–1890), Jesuit, was born in New Street, Spring Gardens, London, on 26 December 1816. He was the eldest son of John Lavicount Anderdon (1792–1874) and Anna Maria Manning (1796/7–1880), sister of Henry Edward Manning, who was greatly influenced by J. L. Anderdon's...

Article

Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605), judge  

David Ibbetson

Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605), judge, was born at Flixborough, Lincolnshire, the third son of Edward Anderson, landowner, and his wife, Joan Clayton. He was descended from Northumberland gentry but the family migrated to Lincolnshire before he was born. Anderson is said to have spent a brief period at ...

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Cover Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605)

Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Sir Edmund Anderson (1530?–1605) by unknown artist, 1590s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Anderton, James [pseud. John Brereley] (1557–1613), religious controversialist  

Michael Mullett

Anderton, James [pseud. John Brereley] (1557–1613), religious controversialist, was the eldest son of the lawyer and magistrate Christopher Anderton, and his wife, Dorothy, née Anderton. On his father's death in 1592 James inherited his large estate at Lostock near Bolton in Lancashire...

Article

Anderton [alias Scroop], Laurence (1575–1643), Jesuit  

Michael Mullett

Anderton [alias Scroop], Laurence (1575–1643), Jesuit, was born in Chorley, Lancashire, and baptized at Chorley on 12 August 1575. He was the youngest son of Thomas Anderton (d. 1593?) of Chorley, who was the uncle of Roman Catholic controversialist James Anderton...

Article

Anlaby, William (c. 1552–1597), Roman Catholic priest and martyr  

Thompson Cooper

revised by G. Bradley

Anlaby, William (c. 1552–1597), Roman Catholic priest and martyr, was a native of Etton in the East Riding of Yorkshire; he was the second son of John Anlaby of Etton and Dorothy, daughter of John Anne of Frickley, Yorkshire. He matriculated as a Dowman scholar at ...

Article

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II  

John Miller

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

Image

Cover Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cover Anson, Peter Frederick (1889–1975)

Anson, Peter Frederick (1889–1975)  

Maker: Howard Coster

In 

Peter Frederick Anson (1889–1975) by Howard Coster, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Anson, Peter Frederick (1889–1975), monk, writer, and artist  

Michael Yelton

Anson, Peter Frederick (1889–1975), monk, writer, and artist, was born Frederick Charles Anson on 22 August 1889 at 32 South Parade, Southsea, the son of Charles Eustace Anson (1858–1940), subsequently rear-admiral, and his wife, (Maria) Evelyn, née Ross (1863–1904). His father came from a family with strong connections to the ...

Article

Armstrong, (Arthur) Hilary (1909–1997), classical scholar  

Jay Bregman

Armstrong, (Arthur) Hilary (1909–1997), classical scholar, was born on 13 August 1909 at 56 Tisbury Road, Hove, Sussex, the son of William Alexander Armstrong, a Church of England priest, and his wife, Emily Mary, née Cripps. His father was a high-church tory, and ...