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Eder, (Montague) David (1865–1936), psychoanalyst, was born on 12 August 1865 at 19 Euston Square, London, the eldest of the four children of David Martin Eder, shipping merchant, and his second wife, Esther Burnstein, formerly Soloman. His parents were both Jewish. Eder was educated in ...

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Sir Joseph Rotblat (1908–2005) by Dominick Tyler, 1995 © Dominick Tyler

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Rotblat, Sir Joseph (1908–2005), scientist and peace activist, was born Jósef Rotblat on 4 November 1908 in Warsaw, the eldest of five surviving children (two others died in infancy) of Zygmunt, otherwise Zelman, Rotblat, the owner of a haulage company specializing in the paper trade, and his wife, ...

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Schomberg [Schamberg, Chambers], Meyer Löw (1690–1761), physician, born in Vetzburg (or Fetzburg), Württemberg, Germany, was probably the eldest son of Löw Schomberg, a physician of that town. Schomberg entered the University of Giessen, studied classics, then medicine, and completed his MD degree in 1710. His brothers, ...

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Stengel, Erwin (1902–1973), psychiatrist, born in Vienna on 25 March 1902, was the son of a rabbinical scholar and schoolteacher, Abraham Markus Stengel, and of Franziska Popper; he had a twin brother and older twin siblings. From 1921 Stengel studied medicine, specializing in neuropsychiatry, at the ...

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Joseph Sidney Weiner (1915–1982) by unknown photographer, early 1970s Institute of Biological Anthropology

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Weiner, Joseph Sidney (1915–1982), human biologist and environmental physiologist, was born on 29 June 1915 at Nourse Mines in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa, the second of the seven children of Robert Weiner (1885–1966), general dealer, and his wife Fanny (Chana), née Simon (1896–1978)...

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Winner, Dame Albertine Louisa (1907–1988), physician and medical administrator, was born on 4 March 1907 in Coulsdon, Surrey, the only child of Isidore Winner (who had changed his name from Isidor Wiener on leaving the Netherlands some years previously), hide merchant, and his wife, ...