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Blaschko, Hugh [formerly Karl Felix Hermann] (1900–1993), biochemist and pharmacologist, was born on 4 January 1900 in Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, the only son and second of the three children of Alfred Blaschko (1858–1922), dermatologist and venereologist, and his wife, Johanna (1873–1943), daughter of ...

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Haffkine, Waldemar Mordecai Wolff [formerly Vladimir Aronovitch Chavkin] (1860–1930), zoologist and bacteriologist, born Vladimir Aronovich Chavkin in Odessa, Russia, on 15 March 1860, was the son of Aaron and Rosalie Chavkin (d. c.1866), members of a Jewish merchant family formerly of ...

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Kodicek, Egon Hynek (1908–1982), biochemist and nutritionist, was born on 3 August 1908 in Kamenny Ujezd, Bohemia, the son of Emma and Samuel Kodicek. In 1915 his father, a doctor, moved with the family to Budweis, as medical chief of the military hospital there. ...

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Neuberger, Michael Samuel (1953–2013), molecular biologist and immunologist, was born on 2 November 1953 at 38 Cheniston Gardens, Kensington, London, the fourth son of Albert Neuberger (1908–1996), a distinguished biochemist, and his Swiss wife, Lilian Ida, née Dreyfus (1912–2007). At the time of his birth registration the family lived at ...

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Sir Joseph Rotblat (1908–2005) by Dominick Tyler, 1995 © Dominick Tyler

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Rotblat, Sir Joseph (1908–2005), scientist and peace activist, was born Jósef Rotblat on 4 November 1908 in Warsaw, the eldest of five surviving children (two others died in infancy) of Zygmunt, otherwise Zelman, Rotblat, the owner of a haulage company specializing in the paper trade, and his wife, ...

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Jacob de Castro Sarmento (1692?–1762) by Richard Houston (after Robert Edge Pine) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sarmento, Jacob de Castro [formerly Henrique de Castro] (1692?–1762), physician and scientific writer, was born at Bragança, Portugal, as Henrique, the third son of Francisco de Castro de Almeida (b. 1651/2), tobacco merchant (estanqueiro), and his second wife, ...

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Charles Joseph Singer (1876–1960) by unknown photographer Wellcome Library, London

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E. A. Underwood

revised by Anita McConnell

Singer, Charles Joseph (1876–1960), historian of medicine and science, was born on 2 November 1876 at 22 Brunswick Square, Camberwell, London, the fifth child and fourth son of Simeon Singer (1848–1906), headmaster of Jews' College School and minister of Borough New Synagogue, and his wife, ...

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Joseph Sidney Weiner (1915–1982) by unknown photographer, early 1970s Institute of Biological Anthropology

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Weiner, Joseph Sidney (1915–1982), human biologist and environmental physiologist, was born on 29 June 1915 at Nourse Mines in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa, the second of the seven children of Robert Weiner (1885–1966), general dealer, and his wife Fanny (Chana), née Simon (1896–1978)...