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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Benisch, Abraham (1811–1878), Hebraist and newspaper editor, was born to Jewish parents at Drossau, a small town 8 miles south-west of Klattau in Bohemia. About 1836 he studied surgery at Prague University where, with other Jewish students, he formed an organization for re-establishing Jewish independence in ...

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Cohen, John Michael (1903–1989), translator and literary scholar, was born on 5 February 1903 at 58 Carlton Hill, St John's Wood, London, the son of Arthur Cohen, master upholsterer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Abrahams. Born into an assimilated Jewish family, he was educated at ...

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Fried, Erich (1921–1988), poet, translator, and essayist, was born on 6 May 1921 in Vienna, the only child of middle-class Jewish parents, Hugo Fried (1890–1938), haulage contractor, later hypnotist, and his wife, Nellie, née Stein (1896–1982). After the Nazi annexation of Austria his father was arrested and beaten to death by the ...

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Hamburger, Michael Peter Leopold (1924–2007), poet, translator, and literary critic, was born in Berlin on 22 March 1924, the elder son and third of the four children of Richard Hamburger (1884–1940), an eminent paediatrician of Polish origin, and his wife, Lilli, née Hamburg (1887–1980)...

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Harari [née Benenson], Manya (1905–1969), publisher and translator, was born at Baku, Russia, on 8 April 1905, the fourth child and youngest daughter of Grigory Benenson, a Jewish financier, and his wife, Sophie Goldberg. While Benenson amassed an enormous fortune Manya's childhood was spent amid the opulence of a rented top floor of ...

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Jacobs, Arthur [pseud. A. C. Jacobs] (1937–1994), poet and translator, was born at 8 Marywood Square, Glasgow, on 13 May 1937, the only son and elder child of Moses Jacobs, a drapery warehouseman whose business was in the Gorbals district, and his wife, ...

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Koteliansky, Samuel Solomonovich [known as Kot] (1880–1955), translator and literary associate, was born on 28 February 1880 in Ostropol, Starokonstantinov district, Volhynia province (present-day Ukraine), a part of the Russian empire's vast pale of settlement to which Jews were confined. He was naturalized as a British citizen in 1929, and in his British passport his date of birth is given as 1 April 1880, a discrepancy that is most likely an instance of ...

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Lee, Elizabeth (1858–1920), biographer and translator, was born at 12 Keppel Street, Russell Square, London, on 25 May 1858, the daughter of Lazarus Lee (1824–1901), a millinery warehouseman who dealt in ostrich feathers, and his wife, Jessie Davis (1836/7–1915). She was one of at least six children. Her family was Jewish, and had changed its name from ...

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Leftwich, Joseph (1892–1983), writer, editor, and translator, was born Joseph Lewkowitz on 20 September 1892 in Zutphen, the Netherlands, the son of Leopold Lewkowitz, a Polish Jewish cobbler, and his wife, Johanna Bachara. According to the 'Autobiographical Note' included in his eighty-fifth birthday tribute, he was fortunate to survive a difficult circumcision. The family moved to ...

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Loewe, Raphael James (1919–2011), Hebrew scholar, translator, and poet, was born on 16 April 1919 in Calcutta, India, the elder of two surviving sons of Herbert Martin James Loewe (1882–1940), Hebrew scholar, and his wife, Ethel Victoria, née Hyamson (1887–1946). His younger brother, ...

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Jacob Sonntag (1905–1984) by unknown photographer, early 1970s © reserved; private collection

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Sonntag, Jacob (1905–1984), journal editor and translator, was born on 15 April 1905 at Vijnita (Wiznitz), northern Bukovina, then a part of the Austro-Hungarian empire (and now in Ukraine), the eldest child (there were three younger brothers and one younger sister) of ...

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Sutro, Alfred (1863–1933), playwright and translator, was born at 3 Dean Street, Finsbury Square, London, on 7 August 1863. He was the youngest son of the five children of Helena Cohen (1829/30–1891) and Sigismund Sutro MD (1815–1886), an authority on continental spas who emigrated from ...