Iqbal, Sir Muhammad (1877–1938), philosopher and poet, was born at Sialkot in the Punjab on 9 November 1877. He was the younger son of Sheikh Nuruddin Muhammad, whose forebears were Hindu converts to Islam originally from Kashmir, and Imam Bibi, a devout woman of working-class background. He was educated at the ...
H. A. R. Gibb
revised by Francis Robinson
P. J. L. Frankl
Yahya Ali Omar (1924–2008), Swahili scholar, was born in June 1924 in Mombasa, Kenya protectorate, the only son, a twin, and the youngest of three children of Ali bin Omar, fisherman, and his wife, Sudi binti Athman, both Swahili from northern Swahililand. When ...