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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: '...

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Donnet, Sir James John Louis (1816–1905), inspector-general of hospitals and fleets, born at Gibraltar, was the son of Henry Donnet, a Royal Navy surgeon. After studying at the University of Paris, where he graduated B ès L, and at Anderson College, Glasgow, he became LSA of ...

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C. L. Kingsford

revised by M. J. Mercer

Hensey, Florence (fl. 1748–1760), physician and spy, was born in co. Kildare, the son of Florence Hensey (d. 1757) of Ballycumeen, and his wife, Mary (d. 1748). Brought up as a Catholic, he moved to England when very young; he then apparently was educated at the ...

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Elizabeth Kenny (1880–1952) by unknown photographer, 1942 [receiving the award of the Legion of Merit from Commander William Klatt] Getty Images

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Kenny, Elizabeth (1880–1952), nurse and specialist in the treatment of polio, was born on 20 September 1880 at Kelly's Gully, near Warialda, New South Wales, Australia, the daughter of Michael Kenny, an Irish immigrant farm labourer, and his wife, Mary, formerly Moore. Kenny...

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Moore [née Feilding], Lady Dorothie Mary Evelyn (1889–1935), ambulance driver, was born at Newnham Paddox, Warwickshire, on 6 October 1889, the second daughter of Rudolph Robert Basil Aloysius Augustine Feilding, ninth earl of Denbigh (1859–1939), a colonel in the Territorial Army, and his wife, ...

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O'Higgins [formerly Higgins], Thomas Francis (1889–1953), medical officer, army officer, and politician in Ireland, was born on 20 November 1889 in Stradbally, Queen's county (later co. Laois), Ireland, the second son of the sixteen children of Thomas Francis Higgins (d. 1923)...

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Smith, Sir Andrew (1797–1872), army medical officer and naturalist, was born on 3 December 1797 in Kirktoun parish, Roxburghshire, to Thomas P. Smith, a shepherd, and Grizzel Tait Winnington. After local schooling he was apprenticed to Mr Graham, a surgeon in Hawick, and studied medicine at the ...

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Anna Violet Thurstan (1879–1978) by unknown photographer by kind permission of the Hypatia Trust

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Thurstan, Anna Violet [Violetta] (1879–1978), nurse and weaver, was born at Claremont, Ore, Sussex, on 4 February 1879, the eldest child and only daughter of Edward Paget Thurstan (1851–1941), surgeon, and his wife, Anna, née Reid (b. 1851). Her grandfather was Joseph Thurstan (...