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Atkins, John (bap. 1685, d. 1757), naval surgeon, the son of John and Grace Atkins, was baptized on 26 November 1685 at Plaistow, Essex. He served a professional apprenticeship before commencing a chequered naval career in March 1701 as surgeon's mate of the ...

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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

Article

Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: '...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Borland, James (1774–1863), army physician, was born at Ayr, Scotland, in April 1774. He joined the army medical department as a hospital assistant on 20 December 1790, becoming surgeon's mate in the Royal Highland regiment in 1792, and took part in the duke of York's...

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Dame Sidney Jane Browne (1850–1941) by Langfier © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Browne, Dame Sidney Jane (1850–1941), nurse, was born on 5 January 1850 in Bexley, Kent, one of the four children of Benjamin Stocks Browne and his wife, Jane Sidney, formerly Deane. Sidney grew up in a medical family: her father was a surgeon and her two brothers were doctors. She was educated at home, and when she was twenty-eight started nursing at the ...

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Noel Godfrey Chavasse (1884–1917) by Medringtons, 1917 private collection

Article

Chavasse, Noel Godfrey (1884–1917), army medical officer and holder of two Victoria crosses, was born on 9 November 1884 at 36 New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, the second (and identical twin) son of Francis James Chavasse (1846–1928), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Sir James Hillyar (1769–1843) by unknown artist, 1807–12 © National Maritime Museum, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Roger Morriss

Hillyar, Sir James (1769–1843), naval officer, eldest son of James Hillyar, surgeon in the navy, was born on 29 October 1769 at Portsea, Hampshire. He entered the navy in 1779, on the Chatham, under Captain John Orde, and was in her at the capture of the ...

Article

Horton, (James) Africanus Beale (1835–1883), army medical officer and political economist, was born in Gloucester village, Sierra Leone, on 1 June 1835, the son of James Horton (c.1791–1867), a carpenter, and his wife, Nancy. Both were of Igbo descent, members of the recaptive community, liberated there from slavery. ...

Article

Macdonald, Sir John Denis (1826–1908), naval medical officer and biologist, born at Cork on 26 October 1826, was the youngest son of James Macdonald, an artist, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Denis McCarthy of Kilcoleman, co. Cork. His father was the representative of the ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Bertrand O. Taithe

Manley, William George Nicholas (1831–1901), military surgeon, was born at Dublin, the second son of the Revd William Nicholas Manley. His mother was a daughter of Dr Brown, a surgeon in the army. He was educated at the Blackheath proprietary school, probably followed an apprenticeship in surgery, and was admitted a member of the ...

Article

Murray, John (1809–1898), army surgeon and photographer, was born at Blackhouse, Peterhead, Aberdeen, on 3 December 1809, the second son of Alexander Murray, a farmer, and his wife, Catherine Johnston. He studied at Marischal College, Aberdeen, from 1824 until 1828, when he graduated MA. He then studied at ...

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Maker: unknown photographer

Dame Ellen Mary Musson (1867–1960) by unknown photographer Royal College of Nursing Archives

Article

Musson, Dame Ellen Mary (1867–1960), nurse, was born on 11 August 1867 at The Castle, Clitheroe, Lancashire, one of the twelve children of William Edward Musson (1831–1917), surgeon, and his wife, Susanna Catherine Robinson (1839–1911). Musson received a good education at home (1870–85), travelled in ...

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Outram, Sir Benjamin Fonseca (1774–1856), surgeon and naval officer, son of Captain William Outram, was born in Kilham, near Bridlington, Yorkshire, and baptized at Gravesend, Kent. He was apprenticed to a Mr Coleman and later to Mr William Harvis, surgeon-apothecaries of Gravesend. He joined the ...