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Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

Article

B. B. Woodward

revised by Yolanda Foote

Busk, George (1807–1886), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 12 August 1807 at St Petersburg, the second son of Robert Busk (1768–1835), merchant of St Petersburg, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Westly, a customs house clerk at St Petersburg. Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811)...

Article

Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Andrew Lambert

Coppinger, Richard William (1847–1910), naval surgeon and naturalist, born on 11 October 1847 in Dublin, was the youngest of the six sons of Joseph William Coppinger, a solicitor of Farmley, Dundrum, co. Dublin, and his wife, Agnes Mary, only daughter of William Lalor Cooke...

Article

Cruickshank, William (d. 1810/11), military surgeon and chemist, was possibly born in north-east Scotland in the 1740s or 1750s. There is no record of his family, education, or early life, but he may be the William Cruickshank who graduated MA from King's College, Aberdeen...

Article

Day, Francis (1829–1889), military surgeon and ichthyologist, was born on 2 March 1829 at Maresfield, Sussex, the third son of William Day (1797–1849) and his wife, Ann Elliott, née Le Blanc. The family moved to Hadlow House in Mayfield about 1833, and farmed an estate of some ...

Article

Gregorie [Gregory], David (1625–1720), physician and inventor of a cannon, son of the Revd John Gregorie, minister of Drumoak in Aberdeenshire, and elder brother of James Gregory (1638–1675), was born on 20 December 1625. His early education was probably undertaken by his mother, ...

Article

Hamilton [formerly Buchanan], Francis, of Buchanan (1762–1829), East India Company surgeon and botanist, third son of Thomas Buchanan of Spittal of Glenshee and his wife, Elizabeth Hamilton, heiress of Bardowie, was born at Branziet, Perthshire, on 15 February 1762. He graduated MA from ...

Article

Jameson, William (1815–1882), army surgeon and botanist, was born at Leith, Midlothian, went to the high school at Edinburgh, and then studied medicine at the local university where his uncle, Robert Jameson, was professor of natural history. He qualified as LRCS in 1836 and was appointed assistant surgeon in the ...

Article

Jerdon, Thomas Caverhill (1811–1872), army medical officer and zoologist, was born at Biddick House, co. Durham, on 12 October 1811, eldest son of Archibald Jerdon (d. 1842) of Bonjedward, Scotland, and Elizabeth Sarah Milner (d. 1842). He had one brother, the botanist ...

Article

Macdonald, Sir John Denis (1826–1908), naval medical officer and biologist, born at Cork on 26 October 1826, was the youngest son of James Macdonald, an artist, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Denis McCarthy of Kilcoleman, co. Cork. His father was the representative of the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

McCormick, Robert (1800–1890), naval surgeon, explorer, and naturalist, born at Runham, near Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, on 22 July 1800, was the only son of Robert McCormick (d. 1817), surgeon in the navy, son of Robert McCormick of Ballyreagh, co. Tyrone, where the family had been settled for several generations. He spent his childhood near ...

Article

McKendrick, Anderson Gray (1876–1943), mathematician, epidemiologist, and army officer, was born on 8 September 1876 at 1 Chester Street, Edinburgh, youngest of the five children of John Gray McKendrick (1841–1926), professor of physiology in Glasgow, and his wife, Mary Souttar (1842–1896), eldest daughter of ...

Article

Smith, Sir Andrew (1797–1872), army medical officer and naturalist, was born on 3 December 1797 in Kirktoun parish, Roxburghshire, to Thomas P. Smith, a shepherd, and Grizzel Tait Winnington. After local schooling he was apprenticed to Mr Graham, a surgeon in Hawick, and studied medicine at the ...

Article

Wallich, George Charles (1815–1899), military surgeon and oceanographer, was born on 16 November 1815 in Calcutta, India, the eldest of seven children of Nathaniel Wallich (1785–1854), a Danish-born surgeon and botanist, and his second wife, Sophia Collings. He was educated at King's College, Aberdeen...

Article

Wright, William (1735–1819), military physician and naturalist, was born in March 1735, at Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland, the second of two sons by his father's second marriage. He remained close throughout his life to his brother James who was two years older. Wright, it appears, came from a humble background and his father's occupation is unknown. After early schooling at a grammar school in ...