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Armstrong, John [Johnnie], of Gilnockie (d. 1530), gang leader, is recorded as brother to Thomas Armstrong, laird of Mangerton, and so was presumably a younger son of this branch of the Armstrongs. He lived in Canonbie parish, which was then within the notorious ‘debatable land’ of the western Anglo-Scottish frontier and is now in ...

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Carrick, James [alias Valentine Carrick] (c. 1695–1722), highwayman, was born in Dublin, the third son of a jeweller (d. c.1714) who had 'left off Trade and liv'd upon his Estate' after 'having acquired a considerable Fortune' (...

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Costello, Dudley [Dualtache] (d. 1667), soldier and outlaw, was of unknown parentage and background, the surname being very common in east Mayo, where the Costellos, reputedly Gaelicized descendants of early English settlers, had given their name to a barony. Nothing is known of his early life but a deposition taken in 1652 names ...

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Coterel, James (fl. 1328–1351), gang leader, is assumed to have been a younger son of Ralph Coterel, a landowner in Cromford, Matlock, Tadington, and three other places in Derbyshire, who was dead by 1315. In his youth James was the leader of a gang that included his brothers ...

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Crab, John (c. 1280–c. 1352), pirate and merchant, was probably born in Muiden in Flanders. Active as a pirate from at least 1306, he was the most notorious of the Flemish privateers who preyed on English shipping during the Scottish War of Independence. His nephew ...

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Dagoe, Hannah (d. 1763), thief, was born in Ireland and went to London when very young. She began her working life as a milliner but was a basket-woman in Covent Garden at the time of her condemnation. She married a Spanish seaman named ...

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Eustace the Monk (c. 1170–1217) drawing [far right] Master and Fellows of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge

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Eustace the Monk (c. 1170–1217), Benedictine monk, sea captain, and pirate, was the son of Baudoin Busket, a lord of the county of Boulogne. According to his biography, Eustace studied black magic in Toledo, returned home to become a monk at the abbey of ...

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Folville, Eustace (d. 1346), gangster and soldier, was the second of the seven sons of John Folville (d. 1310), lord of Ashby Folville in Leicestershire, and his wife, Alice. He came of an established gentry family. The John Folville who was a king's banneret in 1286, and was knight of the shire for either ...

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Simon Fraser, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/88–1747) by William Hogarth, pubd 1746 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (...

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Hanratty, James Francis (1936–1962), petty criminal and convicted murderer, was born on 4 October 1936 in the County Hospital, Farnborough, near Orpington, Kent, the eldest of four sons of James Hanratty (1907–1978), labourer and dustman, and his wife, Mary Wilson.

He attended St James's Roman Catholic school...

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John Hawley the elder (c. 1350–1408) memorial brass by kind permission of Becky Wright Photos; St Saviour's Church, Dartmouth

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Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before 1340. Hawley was elected mayor for the first time in 1374—the beginning of a career which would make him the richest and most important man in ...

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See Farriner, Thomas

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Edward Kelly (c. 1854–1880) by unknown photographer, c. 1874 Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales

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Kelly, Edward [Ned] (c. 1854–1880), bushranger, was born at Beveridge, Victoria, Australia, about 1854. One of eight children, he was the eldest son of John (Red) Kelly, an ex-convict transported from Ireland to Van Diemen's Land in 1842 for stealing two pigs. Red Kelly...

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Libri, Guglielmo [Count Guglielmo Bruto Icilio Timoleone Libri-Carrucci dalla Sommaia] (1802–1869), scientist, book collector, and thief, was born on 2 January 1802 (or possibly 1803) in Florence, the son of Count Giorgio Libri-Carrucci dalla Sommaia (1781–1836) and Rosa del Rosso (c.1783–1849)...

Article

See Michelstow family

Article

See Michelstow family