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Churchill, Sir John (d. 1685), lawyer, was the eldest son of Jasper Churchill (d. 1649), citizen and cutler of London, and his wife, Alice, and grandson of another Jasper Churchill, husbandman of Bradford Peverell, Dorset. He was admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1639 and during the civil war he took over the lucrative office of deputy registrar of ...

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Dana, Richard (1700–1772), lawyer and public official in America, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 26 June 1700 to Daniel Dana, a town selectman, and Naomi Croswell. After graduating AB from Harvard College in 1718, he remained in Massachusetts and became a lawyer, practising first in ...

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Dyer, Eliphalet (1721–1807), lawyer and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 14 September 1721 at Windham, Connecticut, the second child, and only son, of Colonel Thomas Dyer (b. 1694), local political leader and shoemaker, and his wife, Lydia Backus. Born into the local oligarchy, ...

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Edwards, (Allen) Clement (1869–1938), trade unionist, barrister, and journalist, was born on 7 June 1869 in Knighton, Radnorshire, the third of seven children born to George Benjamin Edwards, auctioneer, master tailor, and draper, and Sarah Ellen (née Tudge). Both parents came from farming, nonconformist, and radical families in the border areas. ...

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Fitch, Thomas (c. 1700–1774), colonial governor and lawyer in America, was born in Norwalk, Connecticut, the eldest of the four children of Thomas Fitch (c.1665–1731), farmer and local office-holder, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1704?). The Fitch family was one of the most prominent in ...

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Gridley, Jeremiah (1702–1767), lawyer in America, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 10 March 1702, the son of Captain Richard Gridley, a public official and currier, and his wife, Rebecca. Jeremiah graduated AB (1725) and MA (1727) from Harvard College; he was a schoolmaster at ...

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Sir Samuel Walker Griffith (1845–1920) by Crown Studios, Sydney, 1903–11 by permission of the National Library of Australia

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Griffith, Sir Samuel Walker (1845–1920), lawyer and politician in Australia, was born on 21 June 1845 at Merthyr Tudful, Glamorgan, the second son of the Revd Edward Griffith (1819–1891), Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Walker (d. 1892). Griffith's father then held ministries at ...

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Hawley, Joseph (1723–1788), lawyer and revolutionary leader, was born on 8 October 1723 in Northampton, Massachusetts, the first of two sons of Lieutenant Joseph Hawley (1682–1735), a trader and cattle drover, and Rebecca Stoddard (1686–1766). After attending local schools and being tutored by his first cousin ...

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Hill, Sir (James William) Francis (1899–1980), lawyer and historian, was born at 34 Tentercroft Street, Lincoln, on 15 September 1899, the elder of the two sons of James Hill, an immigrant to Lincolnshire from his native Scotland, and his English wife, Millicent Blinkhorn...

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Huntington, Samuel (1731–1796), lawyer and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 5 July 1731 in the ‘Scotland society’ of Windham, Connecticut, the second son and fourth child of nine born to Nathaniel Huntington (1691–1767), farmer and tailor, and Mehetable Thurston (1700–1781)...

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See James, John Angell

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Law, Jonathan (1674–1750), colonial governor and lawyer in America, was born on 6 August 1674 in Milford, Connecticut, the only child of Jonathan Law (1637–1712), farmer and local office-holder, and his wife, Sarah (1644–1706), daughter of Deacon George Clark of Milford and his wife, ...

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Lawrence, William (c. 1613–1682), lawyer, was the elder son in a family of eight—two sons and six daughters—born to William Lawrence (1579–1640) of Wraxall, Dorset, and Elizabeth (d. 1672), daughter of William Gibbs, bencher of the Middle Temple, of South Perrott, Dorset...

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Lechford, Thomas (d. in or after 1642), author and lawyer, was possibly a descendant of Henry Lechford (d. 1567) of Surrey, although his parents and place of birth are unknown. He was trained in law and was a member of Clement's Inn...

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Leonard, Daniel (1740–1829), lawyer and politician in America and public official in Bermuda, was born in Norton, Massachusetts, on 29 May 1740, the only son of Colonel Ephraim Leonard and his wife, Judith Perkins. His father's militia office qualified Daniel to rank third in the ...

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Marks, George Croydon, Baron Marks (1858–1938), engineer, patent agent, and politician, was born in Eltham, Kent, on 9 June 1858, the eldest of eight children (four of whom died in infancy) of William Marks, an artisan at the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, and his wife, ...

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Morgan, John Hartman (1876–1955), lawyer, was born on 20 March 1876, the son of the Revd David Morgan, Congregationalist minister of Ystradfellte, Glamorgan, and his wife, Julia, daughter of Felix Wethli, of Zürich. From Caterham School he went with a scholarship to the ...

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J. W. C. Turner

revised by Robert Brown

Oliver, David Thomas (1863–1947), jurist, was born at Pontypridd on 8 February 1863, the fifth of twelve children of the Revd Henry Oliver, a Congregationalist minister, and his wife, Catharine, daughter of the Revd Joshua Thomas, Congregationalist minister, of Aberdâr. Educated at Caterham School...

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Paine, Robert Treat (1731–1814), lawyer and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 11 March 1731 in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Thomas Paine (d. 1757), merchant and clergyman, and his wife, Eunice Treat, a member of the established and prominent New England...