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Aton [Ayton, Acton], John (d. 1349), canon lawyer, was the son of John Aton. His ecclesiastical career began with appointments in Lincoln diocese. He first appears in surviving historical sources in 1327, when, as a master of arts, he represented the dean and chapter of ...

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Barowe [Barrow], Thomas (d. 1499), lawyer and administrator, was a native of north Lincolnshire, who became a scholar of Eton College in 1451, and was nominated by the provost for a scholarship at King's Hall, Cambridge, in 1456–7. Admitted as a bachelor of civil law in 1460, he incepted in civil law in 1469–70, and became a licentiate in 1475. Closely associated with ...

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Baynard, Richard (1371–1434), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was born on 2 February 1371, the fourth son of Thomas Baynard (d. 1375) of Messing, Essex, the family home since the twelfth century. He inherited Messing, Birch Hall, and Le Castle...

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Bowes, John (c. 1383–1444), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, came from a minor gentry family established by 1200 at Costock in south Nottinghamshire. The son of John Bowes (d. in or before 1404) and an unknown mother, he was the first of the family to enjoy a career of any distinction, probably owing his early advancement to his neighbour ...

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Brok, Laurence del (c. 1210–1274), lawyer and justice, was probably born in or before 1210 in Buckinghamshire. His first appearance in the records is in 1231, when he was appointed to act as an attorney in a Buckinghamshire case. By the late 1230s he had become one of a small group of professional lawyers practising in the ...

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Cachepol, Walter (d. 1369), canon lawyer, came from the diocese of Hereford. When he was already an Oxford master of arts and a tonsured cleric, although not yet in minor orders, he was collated by Archbishop Islip on 6 January 1362 to the rectorship of ...

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Cantilupe [Cantelupe], Roger de (d. 1258/9), lawyer, was described in 1234 by Bishop Alexander of Stainsby as following in the footsteps of his father, who had been hanged as a traitor. It has therefore been surmised that he was the son of the ...

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Constable, Robert (late 1450s–1501), lawyer, was the second son of Sir Robert Constable (d. 1488) of Flamborough, Yorkshire, and Gray's Inn, and the younger brother of Sir Marmaduke Constable (d. 1518), who inherited the Flamborough estate and whom he followed to Lincoln's Inn...

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Craig, Thomas (1538?–1608), lawyer and jurist, was the eldest of the five sons of Robert Craig (d. 1575), merchant burgess of Edinburgh, and Katherine Bellenden (fl. 1528–1578), probably the daughter of Thomas Bellenden of Auchnoul, justice-clerk and senator of the ...

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Peter Dene (d. in or after 1334) stained glass reproduced by kind permission of the Dean and Chapter of York

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Dene, Peter (d. in or after 1334), canon lawyer and monk, no doubt derived from one of the villages called Dean in Sussex. A secular priest of the Chichester diocese, he began to acquire benefices in Sussex by the late 1280s and, later, benefices elsewhere. By 1287 ...

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Drogheda, William of (1200x10?–1245), civil and canon lawyer, has no known association with the Irish town of Drogheda. He made provisions—in a charter which survives in the Queen's College, Oxford, charter 287, sealed with his seal—for his parents (and himself) to be buried in the priory church at ...

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Fastolf [Falstoli], Thomas (d. 1361), canon lawyer and bishop of St David's, was one of a distinguished group of East Anglian lawyers nurtured by William Bateman (d. 1355), bishop of Norwich. He was one of three lawyer sons of Thomas Fastolf of ...

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Fitzwilliam, Sir Thomas (d. 1497), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was born into a Lincolnshire gentry family, the son of Thomas Fitzwilliam of Mablethorpe (d. 1479) and his wife, Margaret Dymmok (d. 1463). He was educated at the ...

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Foulis, James (d. in or before 1549), poet and lawyer, was the son of the Edinburgh burgess Henry Foulis and a sister, possibly called Margaret, of James Henryson of Fordell, king's advocate. His siblings, except for one sister, and parents were killed by plague in ...

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R. L. Poole

revised by F. Donald Logan

Gascoigne, John (fl. 1376–1381), canon lawyer, was possibly the 'Jo. Gascoigne, cler.' who is named in a seventeenth-century pedigree as brother to Sir William Gascoigne, the chief justice, and to Richard Gascoigne of Hunslet, who is said to have been father of ...

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Gonsales de Puebla, Rodrigo (d. 1509), lawyer and diplomat, was of obscure but presumably Castilian origins; he was accused of being Jewish by aristocratic Spanish detractors. Nor is much known about his close relatives: his daughter was arrested by the inquisition in Seville...

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Green, John (d. 1473), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was the son and heir of John Green of Widdington, Essex, and his wife, Agnes Duke. Having inherited no more than a small estate in north Essex, he advanced himself through his profession and by marriage. It is said that he was raised in the household of ...

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Henryson, James, of Fordell (d. 1513), lawyer, was a younger son of the Edinburgh burgess Robert Henryson. He had two elder brothers, John and George, and a sister who married Henry Foulis and became the mother of the lawyer James Foulis. Henryson studied arts at the ...

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Hesketh, Richard (c. 1475–1520), lawyer, was the second son of Robert Hesketh of Rufford, Lancashire, a family long settled in those parts. His younger brother Hugh Hesketh became bishop of Sodor and Man in 1513. Richard was admitted to Gray's Inn in the late fifteenth century and is mentioned as an attorney in a ...