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Barclay, Sir Peter Maurice (1926–2014), solicitor and social reformer, was born on 6 March 1926 at 2 Walerand Road, Lewisham, London, the only child of George Ronald Barclay (1894–1974), chartered secretary and businessman, and his wife, Josephine Maria Stephanie, née Lambert...

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Peter James Henry Benenson (1921–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benenson, Peter James Henry (1921–2005), barrister and human rights campaigner, was born on 31 July 1921 at 6 Albert Court, Knightsbridge, London, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Josiah Solomon (1885–1930), army officer, and his wife, Flora (1895–1984), daughter of the Jewish Russian banker ...

Article

Goodhart, William Howard [Willie], Baron Goodhart (1933–2017), barrister, politician, and human rights campaigner, was born on 18 January 1933 at 19 Abbey Lodge, Park Road, Regent’s Park, London, the son of Arthur Lehman Goodhart (1891–1978), jurist, and his wife, ...

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Joffe, Joel Goodman, Baron Joffe (1932–2017), lawyer, businessman, and human rights campaigner, was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 12 May 1932, the second of four children of Abraham Michael (Arthur) Joffe (1896–1981), businessman, and his wife Dena, née Idelsohn (...

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Levy, Allan Edward (1942–2004), barrister, was born on 17 August 1942 at Bury Infirmary, Bury, Lancashire, the only child of Sidney Levy, a radio engineer, and his wife, Mabel, née Lewis. The family lived at Prestwich and Levy attended Bury grammar school and ...

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John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow (1821–1911) by E. Braconnier © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. R. Norman

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Ludlow, John Malcolm Forbes (1821–1911), lawyer and social activist, was born in Neemuch, India, on 8 March 1821, the youngest in the family of two sons and three daughters of Lieutenant-Colonel John Ludlow of the East India Company, and his wife, Maria Jane...

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Rahasya Rudra Narayan (1938–1998) by Harry Kerr, 1983 [centre, with a group of his supporters in front of the High Court] © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Narayan, Rahasya Rudra [Rudy] (1938–1998), barrister and civil rights activist, was born on 11 May 1938 in British Guiana, the ninth of ten children of Sase Narayan, landowner, and his wife, Taijbertie. He came from a politically active Indo-Guyanese family, engaged mainly in trading. He arrived in ...

Article

Orme, Eliza (1848–1937), social activist and lawyer, was born on 25 December 1848 at 16 Regent Villas, Avenue Road, London, the seventh of eight children of Charles Orme (c.1807–1893), distiller, of Southwark, and his wife, Eliza (1816–1892), eldest daughter of the ...

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Cornelia Sorabji (1866–1954) by Lafayette, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sorabji, Cornelia (1866–1954), barrister and social reformer, was born at Nasik in the Bombay Presidency, India, on 15 November 1866, the fifth daughter of the Revd Sorabji Karsedji, a Parsi Christian convert, and his wife, Franscina Ford, who had been brought up by an English couple. The ...

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See Weaver, Gertrude Baillie- [née Gertrude Renton; pseud. Gertrude Colmore]