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Baynard, Richard (1371–1434), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was born on 2 February 1371, the fourth son of Thomas Baynard (d. 1375) of Messing, Essex, the family home since the twelfth century. He inherited Messing, Birch Hall, and Le Castle...

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Bowes, John (c. 1383–1444), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, came from a minor gentry family established by 1200 at Costock in south Nottinghamshire. The son of John Bowes (d. in or before 1404) and an unknown mother, he was the first of the family to enjoy a career of any distinction, probably owing his early advancement to his neighbour ...

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Christopher W. Brooks

Chute, Chaloner (c. 1595–1659), lawyer, was the first son of Charles Chute of the Middle Temple and Kelvedon, Essex, and his wife, Ursula, daughter of John Chaloner of Fulham, Middlesex. His father, who was originally from Suffolk, held a post in the south of ...

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Cordell, Sir William (1522–1581), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was the eldest son of John Cordell, originally from Edmonton, who had become the principal servant to Sir William Clopton (d. 1531) of Kentwell in Long Melford, Suffolk, and Lincoln's Inn...

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Crewe, Sir Thomas (1566–1634), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was born in Nantwich, Cheshire, the third son of John Crewe (d. 1598), a tanner, and his wife, Alice Mainwaring, and brother of Sir Randolph Crewe, politician and judge. He married, in 1596, ...

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Drury, Sir Robert (b. before 1456, d. 1535), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was born before 1456 at Hawstead, Suffolk, the first of four sons and two daughters of Roger Drury (d. 1496), an important landowner in that county, and his wife, ...

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Fitzwilliam, Sir Thomas (d. 1497), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was born into a Lincolnshire gentry family, the son of Thomas Fitzwilliam of Mablethorpe (d. 1479) and his wife, Margaret Dymmok (d. 1463). He was educated at the ...

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Glanville, Sir John, the younger (1585/6–1661), lawyer and politician, was born in Kilworthy, Devon, the second son of John Glanville (1542–1600), judge of common pleas, and his wife, Alice (d. 1632), daughter of John Skerret of Tavistock, Devon, who later married Sir Francis Godolphin (...

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Green, John (d. 1473), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was the son and heir of John Green of Widdington, Essex, and his wife, Agnes Duke. Having inherited no more than a small estate in north Essex, he advanced himself through his profession and by marriage. It is said that he was raised in the household of ...

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Sir Harbottle Grimston, second baronet (1603–1685) by unknown artist, 1660s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grimston, Sir Harbottle, second baronet (1603–1685), barrister and politician, was the second son of Sir Harbottle Grimston, first baronet (d. 1648), of Bradfield Hall, Essex, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Ralph Coppinger of Stoke, Kent. Born on 27 January 1603 at his grandfather's house at ...

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Hare, Sir Nicholas (c. 1495–1557), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was the first son of John Hare of Homersfield, Suffolk, and Elizabeth Fortescue. He was a pensioner of Gonville Hall, Cambridge, in 1509, and was admitted to the Inner Temple...

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Hunt, Roger (d. 1455/6), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was of obscure origins. His first interests were probably in Huntingdonshire, where he acquired the manor of Molesworth and became member of parliament in 1407 and 1413 (the first two of fifteen occasions between then and 1433). His interests in ...

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William Lenthall, appointed Lord Lenthall under the protectorate (1591–1662) by unknown artist, after 1643 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lenthall, William, appointed Lord Lenthall under the protectorate (1591–1662), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was born in June 1591 at Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, the second son of William Lenthall (d. 1596) and Frances Southwell.

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Mordaunt, Sir John (d. 1504), lawyer, administrator, and speaker of the House of Commons, was the son of William Mordaunt (d. 1481) of Turvey and his wife, Margaret (d. after 1481), daughter of John Peeke of Cople. Both his parents came from ...

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Moyle, Sir Thomas (b. before 1500, d. 1560), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was probably born at Eastwell, Kent, the fourth of the five sons of John Moyle (d. 1500), who sat as MP for Bodmin, and his second wife, ...

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Neville, Sir Thomas (b. in or before 1484, d. 1542), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was the fifth son of George Neville, second Baron Bergavenny (1436–1492) [see under Neville, Edward (d. 1476)], and his first wife, Margaret, daughter of ...

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Onslow, Richard (1527/8–1571), lawyer and speaker of the House of Commons, was a younger son of Roger Onslow of Shrewsbury, Shropshire, and his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Poyner. His elder brother, Fulk (d. 1602), was clerk of the parliaments in the reign of ...

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Sawyer, Sir Robert (bap. 1633, d. 1692), lawyer and politician, was baptized on 20 September 1633 at White Waltham, Berkshire, the sixth but only surviving son of Sir Edmund Sawyer of Heywood, Berkshire, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Sir William Whitmore of ...