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Armstrong, Sir Thomas (bap. 1633, d. 1684), army officer and conspirator, was baptized on 27 December 1633 at St Stephen's protestant church, Nijmegen, the son of Thomas Armstrong (d. 1662), army officer, and his wife, Anne, née Anderson. A coronet of horse at ...

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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Blount, Sir Christopher (1555/6–1601), soldier and conspirator, was the second son of Thomas Blount (b. before 1523, d. 1568) of Kidderminster, Worcestershire. Blount's early life was profoundly shaped by two key influences: devout Catholicism (especially on the part of his mother, Margery, ...

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Boucher [Bouchier], George (d. 1643), royalist conspirator, was probably related—perhaps as a son—to Nathaniel Boucher, a Bristol merchant who was warden (1621) and treasurer (1625) of the Bristol Society of Merchant Venturers, and sheriff of the city in 1624. Little is known of ...

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Boyle, Charles, fourth earl of Orrery (1674–1731), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Little Chelsea near Kensington, Middlesex, on 28 July 1674, not 1676 as stated in the Dictionary of National Biography, and was baptized on 1 August at St Mary's, Kensington...

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Brodrick, Sir Alan (1623–1680), royalist conspirator and politician, was born on 28 July 1623, the eldest of the ten children of Sir Thomas Brodrick (d. 1642), military administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1678), daughter of Robert Nicholas of Manningford Bruce, Wiltshire...

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Brooke, George (1568–1603), conspirator, the youngest son of William Brooke, tenth Baron Cobham (1527–1597), and his wife, the courtier Frances, née Newton (d. 1592) [see Brooke, Frances, Lady Cobham], was born on the morning of 17 April 1568 at Cobham Hall, Kent...

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Brooke, Henry, eleventh Baron Cobham (1564–1619), conspirator, was born on 22 November 1564 at Cobham Hall, Kent. The second son of William Brooke, tenth Baron Cobham (1527–1597), and his second wife, Frances Newton (d. 1592), he was the godson of Henry Hastings, ...

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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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Cameron, Archibald (1707–1753), physician and Jacobite conspirator, was the fourth son of John Cameron (c.1663–1748), laird of Lochiel, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Alexander Campbell of Lochnell, and the younger brother of Donald Cameron of Lochiel, who took a prominent part in the Jacobite rising of 1745. ...

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Arthur Capel, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1653 [with his wife, Elizabeth, countess of Essex] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Capel, Arthur, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683), politician and conspirator, was born at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 28 January 1632, the eldest son of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel (1604–1649), and his wife, Elizabeth Morrison (1609/10–1661), daughter and heir of ...

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Sir Peter Carew (1514?–1575) by Gerlach Flicke National Gallery of Scotland

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Carew, Sir Peter (1514?–1575), soldier and conspirator, was the third son of Sir William Carew (c.1483–1536) of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Joan (d. 1554), daughter of Sir William Courtenay of Powderham and his second wife, Mary. The eldest son, ...

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Cecil, William (1676–1745), Jacobite conspirator and agent, was born in December 1676 at Wakefield, the only son of John Cecil, of Northgate Hall in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and Anne Ogelthorpe (d. 1718). He was not, as has previously been suggested, a '...