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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Hampden, John (bap. 1653, d. 1696), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 21 March 1653 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the second son of Richard Hampden (bap. 1631, d. 1695) MP and his wife, Letitia Paget, daughter of William Paget, sixth Baron Paget, and his wife, ...

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Holmes, Abraham (d. 1685), army officer and conspirator, was perhaps from co. Durham, though it has been suggested that he was related to a Holmes family of Sussex. Nothing definite is known of his background. He first appears during the early years of the civil war as a lieutenant in ...

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Smith, Aaron (d. 1701), conspirator and lawyer, was possibly descended from a namesake farmer at Petworth, Sussex, and may have been a protégé of the earls of Northumberland. He began as a clerk to Sir Nathaniel Hobart, master in chancery. His friends were roundheads' sons, and in religion he was a dissenter, like ...

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West, Robert (b. 1649, d. in or after 1712), lawyer and conspirator, was born in December 1649 and baptized on 30 December in Banbury, Oxfordshire, the eldest surviving son of James West (bap. 1614, d. 1684), mercer and rising townsman of Banbury...