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Arundell, Sir Thomas (c. 1502–1552), administrator and convicted conspirator, was the younger son of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall (c.1474–1545), and his first wife, Eleanor (d. by December 1503), daughter of Thomas Grey, first marquess of Dorset (c. 1455–1501)...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Charlton, Francis (bap. 1639, d. 1698), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 16 May 1639 at Wellington, Shropshire, the son of Francis Charlton of Apley Castle, Shropshire (d. 1642), and his wife, Mary (d. 1661), the daughter of Osmary Hill. This younger ...

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Cragg, Robert (fl. 1682–1689), conspirator and rebel, made three journeys between London and the Netherlands, under the alias of John Smith, in March–April of 1685, carrying messages between the surviving whig opposition in England and the exiled duke of Monmouth, who was preparing his ill-fated rebellion of June–July 1685. These communications carried by ...

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Hampden, John (bap. 1653, d. 1696), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 21 March 1653 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the second son of Richard Hampden (bap. 1631, d. 1695) MP and his wife, Letitia Paget, daughter of William Paget, sixth Baron Paget, and his wife, ...

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Holmes, Abraham (d. 1685), army officer and conspirator, was perhaps from co. Durham, though it has been suggested that he was related to a Holmes family of Sussex. Nothing definite is known of his background. He first appears during the early years of the civil war as a lieutenant in ...

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Kingston, Sir Anthony (c. 1508–1556), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir William Kingston (d. 1540) of Elmore and Painswick, Gloucestershire. Since he began to acquire stewardships and other minor offices in Gloucestershire in 1528, Anthony was probably born about 1508, or perhaps a little earlier. Nothing is known of his upbringing, but the conventional education of the son of a substantial gentleman and courtier can be assumed. His first significant preferment was as keeper of ...

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Norton, Edward (bap. 1654, d. 1702), conspirator, was the second son of Sir George Norton (d. 1677) of Abbots Leigh, Somerset, and Ellen, daughter of Sir William Owen of Condover in Shropshire. Norton's father, the ward of Sir John Strangeways, remained neutral during the civil war but did conceal ...

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Palmer, Sir Thomas (b. after 1496, d. 1553), soldier and conspirator, was the youngest of three sons and a daughter of Edward Palmer of Angmering, Sussex (d. 1516), landowner, and his wife, Alice, daughter and coheir of John Clement of Ightham Mote...

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Peckham, Henry (b. in or before 1526, d. 1556), conspirator, was born by 1526, having been old enough to marry in 1547; he was the second of four sons and two daughters of Sir Edmund Peckham (d. 1564), administrator, of Denham, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, ...

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Penruddock, John (1619–1655), royalist conspirator, was the eldest son of Sir John Penruddock (d. 1648) of Compton Chamberlayne, Wiltshire. The Penruddocks had been established as a landed family in Wiltshire since the late sixteenth century and Sir John had served as sheriff of the county in 1635. ...

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Row, John (fl. 1666–1702), conspirator, was admitted to the Merchant Venturers of Bristol on 15 October 1666 and became the city's sword-bearer in 1677, a position that gave him a prominent role in civic ceremony and access to influential people. Almost nothing is known of his background. In January 1680 the ...

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Ruthven, John, third earl of Gowrie (1577/8–1600), magnate and alleged conspirator, was born in 1577 or 1578 in Perth, the second son of William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), and his wife, Dorothea Stewart. He succeeded to the earldom in 1588 on the death of his older brother, ...

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Sexby, Edward (c. 1616–1658), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, described speculatively as the son of Marcus Sexby, alias Saxbie, of London, gentleman, was probably born about 1616, if the identification is correct, for in 1632, one Edward Sexby was apprenticed to Edward Price...

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Sindercombe, Miles (d. 1657), parliamentarian soldier and conspirator, was originally from Kent. He was later reported to have been apprenticed to a surgeon near St Catherine's in the Tower, London, before the civil war, but much of his early life is very obscure. At the time of his death his widowed mother, ...

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Smith, Aaron (d. 1701), conspirator and lawyer, was possibly descended from a namesake farmer at Petworth, Sussex, and may have been a protégé of the earls of Northumberland. He began as a clerk to Sir Nathaniel Hobart, master in chancery. His friends were roundheads' sons, and in religion he was a dissenter, like ...

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See Stapley, Anthony

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Uvedale, Richard (b. before 1508, d. 1556), conspirator, was born by 1508, being of age when he succeeded to his property in 1528, the fourth of five sons of Sir William Uvedale (c.1484–1528), landowner, and his wife, Dorothy (d. 1530)...

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West, Robert (b. 1649, d. in or after 1712), lawyer and conspirator, was born in December 1649 and baptized on 30 December in Banbury, Oxfordshire, the eldest surviving son of James West (bap. 1614, d. 1684), mercer and rising townsman of Banbury...

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Wildman, Sir John (1622/3–1693), Leveller and conspirator, was possibly the son of Jeffrey Wildman, yeoman, of Wreningham, Norfolk. According to Clarendon, Wildman, whom he knew personally, studied at Cambridge, though surviving records do not mention him. He also reputedly pursued legal studies in ...