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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Boyle, Charles, fourth earl of Orrery (1674–1731), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Little Chelsea near Kensington, Middlesex, on 28 July 1674, not 1676 as stated in the Dictionary of National Biography, and was baptized on 1 August at St Mary's, Kensington...

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Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator, was baptized on 27 March 1627 at Alton, Hampshire, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Braman (d. 1661), mercer of Alton. He first appears in 1647 as one of the regimental agitators of the ...

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Brodrick, Sir Alan (1623–1680), royalist conspirator and politician, was born on 28 July 1623, the eldest of the ten children of Sir Thomas Brodrick (d. 1642), military administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1678), daughter of Robert Nicholas of Manningford Bruce, Wiltshire...

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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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Arthur Capel, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1653 [with his wife, Elizabeth, countess of Essex] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Capel, Arthur, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683), politician and conspirator, was born at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 28 January 1632, the eldest son of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel (1604–1649), and his wife, Elizabeth Morrison (1609/10–1661), daughter and heir of ...

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David Walter Ervine (1953–2007) by Ross Wilson, 2008 Ross Wilson / photograph © Alice Burns

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Ervine, David Walter (1953–2007), paramilitary and politician, was born on 21 July 1953 at 11 Chamberlain Street, Belfast, the third son and youngest of the five children of Walter Ervine, engineering worker, and his wife, Elizabeth (Dolly), née Tate. As a boy he attended Sunday school at the local Presbyterian church but gradually drifted away from formal religious observance. He was educated at ...

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Graham, Richard, first Viscount Preston (1648–1695), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Netherby, Cumberland, on 24 September 1648, the eldest son of Sir George Graham, second baronet (d. 1658), of Netherby and Ersk, and his wife, Lady Mary, daughter of James Johnston, ...

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Grey, Ford, earl of Tankerville (bap. 1655, d. 1701), conspirator and politician, was baptized on 20 July 1655 at Harting, Sussex, the son of Ralph Grey, second Baron Grey of Warke (bap. 1630, d. 1675), and Catherine (1634–c.1682), widow of ...

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Grey, Thomas, second earl of Stamford (1653/4–1720), conspirator and politician, was the only son of Thomas Grey, Baron Grey of Groby (1622–1657), and Lady Dorothy Bourchier (bap. 1626, d. in or after 1660), daughter of Edward Bourchier, fourth earl of Bath. From his father's death until he succeeded to the earldom following the death of his grandfather, ...

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Hampden, John (bap. 1653, d. 1696), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 21 March 1653 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the second son of Richard Hampden (bap. 1631, d. 1695) MP and his wife, Letitia Paget, daughter of William Paget, sixth Baron Paget, and his wife, ...

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Montgomery, Sir James, of Skelmorlie, fourth baronet (c. 1654–1694), politician and Jacobite conspirator, tenth laird of a cadet branch of the lords Montgomery (later earls of Eglinton), was the eldest of ten children of Sir Robert Montgomery, third baronet (d. 1684), landowner, and his wife, ...

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Newport, Andrew (bap. 1622, d. 1699), royalist conspirator and politician, was baptized on 30 November 1622 at High Ercall, Shropshire, the second son of Richard Newport, first Baron Newport (1587–1651), and his wife, Rachel (d. 1661), daughter of Sir John Leveson of ...

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Peyton, Sir Robert (c. 1633–1689), politician and conspirator, was the fourth son of Henry Peyton (d. 1656), examiner in chancery (1632–54), of Chancery Lane, London, where his son was born. Peyton was admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1655, having also succeeded his father as an examiner in ...