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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford


Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...


Friend [Freind], Sir John (bap. 1640, d. 1696), brewer and Jacobite conspirator, was baptized on 11 October 1640 at St Mary's Church, Whitechapel, the second, but first surviving, son of John Friend (d. 1665), brewer, of St Katharine by the Tower precinct, London...


Parkyns, Sir William (bap. 1649, d. 1696), lawyer and Jacobite conspirator, was baptized on 21 December 1649 at Bulkington, Warwickshire, the eldest son of William Parkyns (1615/16–1684), squire of Marston Jabbett, Warwickshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (fl. 1641–1685), daughter and coheir of ...