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Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d. 1638), chief burgess of the town, and his wife, Dorothy Symons (d. 1629)...

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Gaunt, Elizabeth (d. 1685), conspirator and convicted traitor, and her husband, William, were both deeply involved in London whig and dissenting politics in the early 1680s, when they emerge from obscurity. They were residents of the parish of St Mary, Whitechapel, and well known about ...

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Gladman, John (fl. 1644–1685), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, is of unknown parents and background, though he claimed in 1683 to be related to the former parliamentarian soldier and plotter Richard Rumbold. He succeeded James Berry as captain-lieutenant in Oliver Cromwell's Ironsides regiment...

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Harrison, Thomas (bap. 1616, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 16 July 1616 in Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire, the second of four children and the only son of Richard Harrison (bap. 1587, d. 1653), butcher, burgess, and four times mayor of the town, and his wife, ...

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Holmes, Abraham (d. 1685), army officer and conspirator, was perhaps from co. Durham, though it has been suggested that he was related to a Holmes family of Sussex. Nothing definite is known of his background. He first appears during the early years of the civil war as a lieutenant in ...

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Howard, William, third Baron Howard of Escrick (c. 1630–1694), conspirator, was the second son of Edward Howard, first Baron Howard of Escrick (d. 1675), and Mary (d. 1634), daughter of John Boteler, first Baron Boteler of Brantfield. After attending Corpus Christi College, Cambridge...

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Hutchinson, John (bap. 1615, d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 18 September 1615 at St Mary's, Nottingham, the son of Sir Thomas Hutchinson (1589–1643) of Owthorpe, Nottinghamshire, and Margaret, daughter of Sir John Byron. Educated at free schools in ...

Article

Keeling, Josiah (fl. 1679–1691), conspirator, was a white salter or oilman of East Smithfield, London, in the parish of St Botolph, Aldgate. Although his parentage and birthplace are unknown, Keeling had been concerned in a coalworks in Warwickshire as late as April 1679. He is known to have been married. At the time of the ...

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Lilburne, Robert (bap. 1614, d. 1665), regicide and deputy major-general, was baptized in St Andrew's Church, Auckland, co. Durham, on 2 February 1614. His parents were Richard Lilburne (1583–1667), of Thickley Punchardon, co. Durham, and Margaret Hixon (d. 1619), the daughter of ...

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Titus Oates (1649–1705) by Robert White, 1679 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Oates, Titus (1649–1705), informer, was born at Oakham, Rutland, a younger son of Samuel Oates (bap. 1614, d. 1683), Baptist preacher, and his wife, Lucy (d. in or after 1697), a midwife from Hastings. His father, son of a Church of England...

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Okey, John (bap. 1606, d. 1662), parliamentarian soldier and regicide, was the sixth child and second son of William Okey of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, and his wife, Margaret Wetherley. The Okey family owned property in London and possessed a coat of arms. John...

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Rumbold, Richard (c. 1622–1685), conspirator, joined the parliamentarian army early in the civil war at the age of nineteen, losing an eye in the conflict, so that in later life he was known as Hannibal after the one-eyed Carthaginian general. Though still a private soldier he was chosen as one of the guards surrounding the scaffold when ...

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Walcott, Thomas (c. 1625–1683), conspirator, was a native of Warwickshire and (according to Roger Boyle, earl of Orrery, who knew him from the 1650s) a relative of Edmund Ludlow. His father became a settler in Ireland, and the memory of 1641 was to burn itself into ...