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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

Article

Carew, John (1622–1660), politician and regicide, was born on 3 July 1622, the second son of Sir Richard Carew, first baronet (1579/80–1643?), experimenter and educationist, of Antony, Cornwall, and his second wife, Grace (1603/4–1658), daughter of Robert Rolle of Heanton Satchville, Devon. He was admitted to ...

Article

Hampden, John (bap. 1653, d. 1696), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 21 March 1653 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the second son of Richard Hampden (bap. 1631, d. 1695) MP and his wife, Letitia Paget, daughter of William Paget, sixth Baron Paget, and his wife, ...

Article

Daniel Webster Hollis, III

Heveningham, William (1604–1678), regicide, was the eldest son of Sir John Heveningham (1578–1633) of Ketteringham, Norfolk, and his second wife, Bridget (d. 1624), daughter of Christopher Paston of Paston, Norfolk. He matriculated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1621. During the 1620s his father was a justice of the peace for ...

Article

Holmes, Abraham (d. 1685), army officer and conspirator, was perhaps from co. Durham, though it has been suggested that he was related to a Holmes family of Sussex. Nothing definite is known of his background. He first appears during the early years of the civil war as a lieutenant in ...

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Edmund Ludlow (1616/1717–1692) by Robert White, 1689 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

Article

Ludlow [Ludlowe], Edmund (1616/17–1692), army officer and regicide, was born in Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire, the son of Sir Henry Ludlow (1592?–1643) of Maiden Bradley and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1660), daughter of Richard Phelips of Montacute, Somerset.

Article

C. H. Firth

revised by Sean Kelsey

Scott [Scot], Thomas (d. 1660), politician and regicide, is of uncertain parentage and background. One theory is that he was born in Little Marlow, Buckinghamshire, the son of Thomas Scott, a London brewer, and his wife, Mary Sutton; another is that he was descended from ...

Article

Smith, Aaron (d. 1701), conspirator and lawyer, was possibly descended from a namesake farmer at Petworth, Sussex, and may have been a protégé of the earls of Northumberland. He began as a clerk to Sir Nathaniel Hobart, master in chancery. His friends were roundheads' sons, and in religion he was a dissenter, like ...

Article

West, Robert (b. 1649, d. in or after 1712), lawyer and conspirator, was born in December 1649 and baptized on 30 December in Banbury, Oxfordshire, the eldest surviving son of James West (bap. 1614, d. 1684), mercer and rising townsman of Banbury...