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Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide, was probably born in London, though nothing is as yet known of his early life or parentage. He first appears in the mid-1630s as a liveryman of the Goldsmiths' Company living on Fleet Street. He was one of those goldsmiths living in '...

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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628), gentleman landowner, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626)...

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Arundell, Sir Thomas (c. 1502–1552), administrator and convicted conspirator, was the younger son of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall (c.1474–1545), and his first wife, Eleanor (d. by December 1503), daughter of Thomas Grey, first marquess of Dorset (c. 1455–1501)...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Thomas Blood (1617/1818–1680) by unknown artist The Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge

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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit...

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Bourchier, Sir John (c. 1595–1660), politician and regicide, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Bourchier (1559–c.1631) of Beningborough, and his wife, Katherine (c.1565–1623), daughter of Sir Thomas Barrington of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex. He was descended from a family of Norman extraction, a branch of which had settled in ...

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Carew, John (1622–1660), politician and regicide, was born on 3 July 1622, the second son of Sir Richard Carew, first baronet (1579/80–1643?), experimenter and educationist, of Antony, Cornwall, and his second wife, Grace (1603/4–1658), daughter of Robert Rolle of Heanton Satchville, Devon. He was admitted to ...

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Cawley, William (bap. 1602, d. 1667), politician and regicide, the eldest son of John Cawley (d. 1621), a brewer of Chichester who was three times mayor, and his third wife, Catherine, was born in Chichester and baptized on 3 November 1602 at ...

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Charlton, Francis (bap. 1639, d. 1698), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 16 May 1639 at Wellington, Shropshire, the son of Francis Charlton of Apley Castle, Shropshire (d. 1642), and his wife, Mary (d. 1661), the daughter of Osmary Hill. This younger ...

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Chester, Charles (c. 1554–1604), informer and wit, probably born in Bristol, was one of ten children of Dominic Chester (d. 1575), merchant and MP, and his wife, Mary (d. 1572), the daughter of Roger Barlow, merchant and explorer, and his wife, ...

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Cragg, Robert (fl. 1682–1689), conspirator and rebel, made three journeys between London and the Netherlands, under the alias of John Smith, in March–April of 1685, carrying messages between the surviving whig opposition in England and the exiled duke of Monmouth, who was preparing his ill-fated rebellion of June–July 1685. These communications carried by ...

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Dixwell, John [alias James Davids] (c. 1607–1689), politician and regicide, was the younger son of Edward Dixwell of Coton, Warwickshire, and his wife, Mary (née Hawksworth), although he may have been brought up by an uncle, Sir Basil Dixwell of Brome...

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Fortescue, Sir Adrian (c. 1481–1539), landowner and alleged traitor, was the second son of Sir John Fortescue (d. 1500) of Punsborne, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire, and Alice, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn (and great-aunt of Anne Boleyn). Sir John had arranged for ...

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Hacker, Francis (d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was the eldest son of Francis Hacker (d. 1646) of East Bridgeford and Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire, and Margaret Whalley (d. 1634), daughter of William Whalley of Cotgrave. The dates of his birth and baptism are not known, but on 5 July 1632 he married ...

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Hammond, Thomas (c. 1600–1658), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was the third son among the five children of Dr John Hammond (c. 1555–1617), physician to the royal household under James I, and his wife, Mary (or Marie) Harrison. Thomas's eldest brother, Robert, was the father of ...

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Hampden, John (bap. 1653, d. 1696), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 21 March 1653 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the second son of Richard Hampden (bap. 1631, d. 1695) MP and his wife, Letitia Paget, daughter of William Paget, sixth Baron Paget, and his wife, ...

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Daniel Webster Hollis, III

Heveningham, William (1604–1678), regicide, was the eldest son of Sir John Heveningham (1578–1633) of Ketteringham, Norfolk, and his second wife, Bridget (d. 1624), daughter of Christopher Paston of Paston, Norfolk. He matriculated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1621. During the 1620s his father was a justice of the peace for ...

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Hewson, John, appointed Lord Hewson under the protectorate (fl. 1630–1660), army officer and regicide, rose to prominence from low social origins. During the 1630s he was employed as a shoemaker or cobbler in Westminster and Edward Hyde later claimed that he was also for a time a brewer's clerk. In 1642 he enlisted in the parliamentarian forces and subsequently served under the earls of ...

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Holland, Cornelius (1600–1671?), politician and regicide, the eldest son of Ralph Holland (1581–1625), Merchant Taylor, of London, and his wife, Joan (d. 1634), was born at St Laurence Pountney, London, on 3 March 1600; his family may have been that which had been prominent in the ...