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Blackadder, William (1647–1696), physician and plotter, was the eldest son of John Blackadder the elder (1615/1623?–1686), and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688); Adam Blackadder (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696) and John Blackadder (1664–1729) were among his brothers. Admitted to ...

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Cargill, Donald [Daniel] (c. 1627–1681), field preacher and insurgent, was born at the farmhouse of Nether Cloquhat, Perthshire, the son of Lawrence Cargill (d. 1657), smallholder of Nether Cloquhat, and later notary at Rattray, and his wife, Marjory Blair. Initially destined for a career in the law ...

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Colville, John (1542?–1605), conspirator and Church of Scotland minister, was born in Scotland, the second son of Robert Colville of Cleish (d. 1560) and Francesca (d. 1591), daughter of Patrick Colquhoun of Drumskeath. He was educated at St Leonard's College, University of St Andrews...

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Douglas, Archibald (c. 1540–c. 1602), conspirator and Church of Scotland minister, was the second son of William Douglas of Whittingham and Janet Matheson; he had an elder brother, also William (d. c.1572). Educated for the priesthood in France, Archibald graduated MA and by June 1562, probably in his early twenties, was parson of ...

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Ferguson, Robert (d. 1714), pamphleteer and conspirator, was the son of William Ferguson of Badifurrow in Aberdeenshire. He received a liberal education in his native land, probably at the University of Aberdeen, where in 1650 the name 'Robertus Fergusone Aberdonensis' is entered in the record ( ...

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Simon Fraser, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/88–1747) by William Hogarth, pubd 1746 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (...

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Gordon, Alexander, of Earlston (1650–1726), covenanter and conspirator, was the eldest son of William Gordon of Earlston (1614–1679) and Mary (d. 1697), second daughter of Sir John Hope of Craighall, Fife. He had twelve siblings, most of whom died young with the exception of ...

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Gregg [Greg], William (bap. 1673, d. 1708), conspirator, was baptized at Montrose, Scotland, on 4 June 1673, the eldest of fourteen children of William Greige (d. 1701), a shipmaster of Montrose engaged primarily in the Baltic commerce, and his wife, ...

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Hamilton, Claud [known as Lord Claud Hamilton], first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), nobleman and conspirator, was born probably in 1546, the fifth and youngest son of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and first duke of Châtelherault (c. 1519–1575), and his wife, ...

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Hamilton, James, of Bothwellhaugh (d. 1581x5), assassin, was the eldest son of David Hamilton, 'good man' of Bothwellhaugh (d. 1563), who was descended from the Hamiltons of Orbiston, Lanarkshire. His mother was Janet Hamilton (d. in or before 1539)...

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Hamilton, John, second Lord Bargany (c. 1640–1693), nobleman and accused traitor, was the elder son among the seven children of Sir John Hamilton later first Lord Bargany (d. 1658), and his wife, Lady Jean (d. 1669), second daughter of William Douglas, ...

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Hume, Alexander (d. 1682), covenanter leader, was a 'portioner' of Hume, Berwickshire. The precise identity of his parents is unknown, but he had at least one brother—George—who was imprisoned in 1690 for publishing anti-government literature. There is no record of ...

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Logan, Robert, of Restalrig (1555–1606), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir Robert Logan (c.1533–1561), sixth laird of Restalrig, and his wife, Agnes Gray (c.1540–1585), daughter of Patrick Gray, fourth Lord Gray. He was descended from a family of ...

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Ruthven, Alexander, master of Ruthven (1580?–1600), nobleman and alleged conspirator, was probably born in December 1580; he was baptized in Perth on 22 January 1581, the third son of fourteen children born to William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), and his wife, ...

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Sprot [Sprott], George (d. 1608), conspirator and forger, was a notary of Eyemouth, Berwickshire, who by no later than 1600 had become intimate in the affairs of Robert Logan, seventh laird of Restalrig, and a regular guest at his house at Gunsgreen. Logan...