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Israel Abrahams (1858–1925) by Isaac Cohen Liberal Jewish Synagogue

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Abrahams, Israel (1858–1925), Jewish scholar and historian, was born on 26 November 1858 at 10 Finsbury Square, London, the second son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Barnett Abrahams (1831–1863) and his wife, Jane, née Brandon (1834–1895). His father was principal of ...

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Baker, Sir Richard (c. 1568–1645), religious writer and historian, was born at Sissinghurst, Kent, the elder son of John Baker (b. in or before 1531, d. 1604×6), MP in 1554–5 and lawyer, and Catherine, daughter of Reginald Scott, of Scots Hall, Ashford, Kent...

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Bale, John (1495–1563), bishop of Ossory, evangelical polemicist, and historian, was born to parents of humble means at the village of Cove, near Dunwich in Suffolk, on 21 November 1495. In his Illustrium maioris Britanniae Bale names his parents as Henry and Margaret...

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Bede [St Bede, Bæda, known as the Venerable Bede] (673/4–735), monk, historian, and theologian, in his Historia ecclesiastica (731) outlines his own life. Born in northern Northumbria, his relations put him in the monastery of Wearmouth at the age of seven. He transferred to the nearby sister house of ...

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Belson, John (c. 1625–1704), historian and religious controversialist, was born at Stokenchurch, Buckinghamshire, the eldest son of Augustin Belson (c.1606–1684) and Elizabeth Cursonn (b. c.1606). The Belsons were an ancient Roman Catholic family with estates in Brill and Aston Rowant...

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Bower, Archibald (1686x8–1766), religious controversialist and historical writer, was born either on 17 January 1686 or on 17 January 1687 or in September 1688, at or near Dundee. His parents' names are unknown. According to his own account he was descended from an ancient family that had for several hundred years been possessed of an estate in ...

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Capgrave, John (1393–1464), prior of Bishop's Lynn, theologian, and historian, was born on 21 April 1393. Nothing is known of his family, unless an older John Capgrave, who took the degree of doctor of theology at Oxford in 1390, and was also an Augustinian friar, was his uncle. Some early biographers, notably ...

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George Gordon Coulton (1858–1947) by Walter Stoneman, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Coulton, George Gordon (1858–1947), historian and controversialist, was born at Tower Place, King's Lynn, Norfolk, on 15 October 1858, the third son and sixth child of John James Coulton, a solicitor of Yorkshire origins, and his wife, Sarah Radley. After early schooling at a dame-school at ...

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Vivian Hubert Howard Green (1915–2005) by unknown photographer reproduced by kind permission of the Rector and Fellows of Lincoln College, Oxford

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Green, Vivian Hubert Howard (1915–2005), Church of England clergyman, historian, and college head, was born on 18 November 1915 at 101 Thurlby Road, Wembley, Middlesex, the only child of Hubert James Green, law stationer's clerk, and son of a Hampstead master tailor, and his wife, ...

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Henry Melvill Gwatkin (1844–1916) by James Russell & Sons by permission of the Master, Fellows, and Scholars of Emmanuel College in the University of Cambridge

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Gwatkin, Henry Melvill (1844–1916), historian and theologian, was born at Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, on 30 July 1844, the second son of the Revd Richard Gwatkin (b. 1791) and his wife, Ann Middleton. He attended St John's College, Cambridge, with a scholarship in 1863, after seven years at ...

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Harpsfield, Nicholas (1519–1575), religious controversialist and historian, was born in the parish of St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street, in the city of London. His father, John Harpsfield, was a mercer, while his uncle Nicholas, who had been educated at Winchester College, New College, Oxford...

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Howes, Thomas (1728–1814), historian and religious controversialist, was born at Thorndon, Suffolk, and was baptized at All Saints' Church there on 19 October 1728. He was the only son of Thomas Howes (1698–1773), clergyman, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Colman of ...

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Jasper, Ronald Claud Dudley (1917–1990), liturgical scholar and historian, was born on 17 August 1917 at 4 York Terrace, Ford, Devonport, Devon, the only child of Claud Albert Jasper (1882–1974), a shipwright, and his wife, Florence Lily, née Curtis (1885–1957). Educated first at ...

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Lanigan, John (1758–1828), biblical scholar and historian, was born at Cashel, co. Tipperary, the eldest child of Thomas Lanigan, a schoolmaster, and his wife, Mary Ann Dorkan. He was educated at his father's school and at a classical school kept by a protestant clergyman at ...

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W. A. Shaw

revised by Sean Kelsey

L'Estrange, Hamon (1605–1660), theologian and historian, second son of Sir Hamon L'Estrange (1583–1654) of Hunstanton, Norfolk, and his wife, Alice L'Estrange, née Stubbe or Stubbs (1585–1656), was baptized at Sedgeford, Norfolk, on 9 or 29 August 1605. His family had been seated at ...

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Mair [Major], John (c. 1467–1550), historian, philosopher, and theologian, was born into a farming family in the village of Gleghornie near Haddington, south-east of Edinburgh. He attended the grammar school at Haddington and went on, though not perhaps immediately, to university. Although it has been supposed that ...