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Gilbert Burnet (1643–1715) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1693 Wimpole Hall, The Bambridge Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Burnet, Gilbert (1643–1715), bishop of Salisbury and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 18 September 1643, the youngest child of Robert Burnet (d. 1661), a judge of the court of session as Lord Crimond, and Rachel Johnston, sister of Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston...

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Mandell Creighton (1843–1901) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Creighton, Mandell (1843–1901), bishop of London and historian, was born in Carlisle on 5 July 1843, the elder son of Robert Creighton (d. 1878), who built up a family business in Carlisle, and Sarah Mandell (d. 1850/51), of a farming family in ...

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Francis Godwin (1562–1633) by unknown artist, 1613 [copy?] Christ Church, Oxford

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Godwin, Francis (1562–1633), bishop of Hereford and historian, was born at Hannington, Northamptonshire, the son of Thomas Godwin (1517–1590), later bishop of Bath and Wells, and his wife, Isabella (d. before 1584), the daughter of Nicholas Purefoy of Shalstone, Buckinghamshire. At the age of fifteen he was sent to ...

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White Kennett (1660–1728) by John Faber senior, 1719 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kennett, White (1660–1728), historian and bishop of Peterborough, was born in the parish of St Mary, Dover, on 10 August 1660, the eldest of the seven children of Basil Kennett (d. 1686) and Mary, eldest daughter of Thomas White, a wealthy shipwright. His father was a storekeeper in the dockyards at ...

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William Stubbs (1825–1901) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1885 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Stubbs, William (1825–1901), historian and bishop of Oxford, the eldest child of the two sons and four daughters of William Morley Stubbs (1800–1842), solicitor of Knaresborough, Yorkshire, and Mary Ann (1803–1884), daughter of William Henlock, was born in High Street, Knaresborough, on 21 June 1825. He could trace his ...

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(Newell) Connop Thirlwall (1797–1875) by Herbert Watkins, 1858 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thirlwall, (Newell) Connop (1797–1875), historian and bishop of St David's, born in Mile End Old Town, London, on 11 February 1797, was the third son of the Revd Thomas Thirlwall, and his wife, Susannah Connop (d. 1842) of Mile End, the widow of an apothecary....