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Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer  

C. M. Fraser

Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 June 1736 in Darlington, co. Durham, the eldest son of James Allan (1712–1790) and Elizabeth Pemberton (1710–1756). His father, ‘Auld Jem’, fourth son of Nicholas Allan of Staindrop, had trained as an attorney, and in 1738 was appointed bailiff of ...


Allen, Thomas (1803–1833), topographer  

Elizabeth Baigent

Allen, Thomas (1803–1833), topographer, son of J. Allen, map engraver, was probably born in London. In 1827 he published The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Lambeth and the Archiepiscopal Palace, with illustrations, chiefly drawn and etched by himself. He afterwards published: ...


Armstrong, Terence Edward (1920–1996), polar scholar  

Peter Speak

Armstrong, Terence Edward (1920–1996), polar scholar, was born on 7 April 1920 at Oxted, Surrey, the youngest of four sons in the family of six children of Thomas Mandeville Emerson Armstrong (1869–1922), director of the Commercial Union Insurance Company, and his wife, Jean Crawford Young (1881–1945)...


Cover Armstrong, Terence Edward (1920–1996)

Armstrong, Terence Edward (1920–1996)  

Maker: unknown photographer


Terence Edward Armstrong (1920–1996) by unknown photographer © reserved; News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London


Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1647, d. 1711), topographer and antiquary  

Robert J. Haines

Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1647, d. 1711), topographer and antiquary, was baptized at Monken Hadley, Middlesex, on 26 August 1647, the eldest son of Sir Robert Atkyns (bap. 1621, d. 1710), lawyer, and his first wife, Mary (d. 1681), daughter of Sir George Clerk...


Baker, John Norman Leonard (1893–1971), geographer  

Ian Scargill

Baker, John Norman Leonard (1893–1971), geographer, was born on 12 December 1893 at 33 Beaumont Street, St Clements, Liverpool, the first son of the Revd John William Baker, Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Louisa (1858–1945). From Liverpool College (1911–13) he went up to ...


Barry, George (1748–1805), topographical writer  

T. F. Henderson

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Barry, George (1748–1805), topographical writer, was a native of Berwickshire. Educated at Edinburgh University, he was licensed to preach by the presbytery of Edinburgh. Initially he served as a tutor to the sons of gentlemen in Orkney, by whose patronage he became minister of second charge in ...


Bartholomew, John George (1860–1920), geographer and cartographer  

See Bartholomew family


Bartlet, Benjamin (1714–1787), numismatist and topographer  

R. H. Thompson

Bartlet, Benjamin (1714–1787), numismatist and topographer, was born on 1 September 1714 at Bradford, Yorkshire, the only son of Benjamin Bartlet (1678–1759), bookseller and apothecary, and his second wife, Elizabeth Green (1684–1751). The family were Quakers: his grandfather and father suffered the seizure of goods for absenting themselves from the parish church; and ...


Bartlett, William Henry (1809–1854), topographical artist  

R. E. Graves

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Bartlett, William Henry (1809–1854), topographical artist, was born on 26 March 1809 at 5 Bartholomew Place, Kentish Town, London, the second child and elder son in the family of three children of William Bartlett and his wife, Ann. At the age of seven he was sent to a local boarding-school, where he was very miserable. He left school in 1821, and in 1822 was apprenticed to the antiquary ...


Barton, Richard (1706–1759), topographer and religious writer  

Eoin Magennis

Barton, Richard (1706–1759), topographer and religious writer, was born in Painstown, co. Meath, Ireland, the third son of the Revd John Barton (fl. 1675–1735), dean of Ardagh, and Elinor Jenney, daughter of the Revd Henry Jenney, archdeacon of Dromore diocese, and granddaughter of ...


Beke, Charles Tilstone (1800–1874), traveller and geographer  

Donald Crummey

Beke, Charles Tilstone (1800–1874), traveller and geographer, was born on 10 October 1800 at Stepney, London, the son of James Beke (1779–1853), architect, and his wife Susannah Hindle (1778–1864). The family had ancestral connections to Bekesbourne in Kent, where ...


Cover Beke, Charles Tilstone (1800–1874)

Beke, Charles Tilstone (1800–1874)  

Maker: Maull & Fox

Charles Tilstone Beke (1800–1874) by Maull & Fox © National Portrait Gallery, London


Bell, James (1770–1833), geographer  

Elizabeth Baigent

Bell, James (1770–1833), geographer, was born in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, on 3 February 1770, the son of Thomas Bell (1733–1802), Presbyterian minister of the Relief church, and his wife, Elizabeth Ferguson. In 1777 he accompanied his father to Glasgow, where the latter was appointed minister of ...


Blomefield, Francis (1705–1752), topographical historian and Church of England clergyman  

David Stoker

Blomefield, Francis (1705–1752), topographical historian and Church of England clergyman, was born on 23 July 1705 at Fersfield, Norfolk, the eldest son of Henry Blomefield (1680–1732) and his wife, Alice Batch (d. 1730), daughter of Henry Batch of Lynn. He came from a family of yeomen farmers and was the first member to receive a university education. He began attending classes run by the rector of ...


Blundell, William (1620–1698), royalist landowner and topographer  

Malcolm Gratton

Blundell, William (1620–1698), royalist landowner and topographer, was born on 15 July 1620 at Crosby Hall, Little Crosby, Lancashire, the second son of Nicholas Blundell (c.1590–1631) and Jane (d. 1640), daughter of Roger Bradshaigh of Haigh, near Wigan. In 1635 at the age of fifteen he married, in ...


Bowen, Emrys George (1900–1983), geographer  

Harold Carter

Bowen, Emrys George (1900–1983), geographer, was born on 28 December 1900 at 1 Towy View, Carmarthen, the elder child of Thomas Bowen, insurance agent, and Elizabeth Ann Lynch. He was educated at the council school, Pentre-poeth, and from 1912 to 1919 at Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Carmarthen...


Boys, William (1735–1803), surgeon and topographer  

Jennett Humphreys

revised by John Whyman

Boys, William (1735–1803), surgeon and topographer, was born in Deal, Kent, on 7 September 1735, the eldest son of Commodore William Boys (1700–1774), afterwards lieutenant-governor of Greenwich Hospital, and Elizabeth Pearson of Deal. He practised as a surgeon in Sandwich and devoted much of his spare time to literature and scientific research. Descended from an ancient ...


Cover Brand, John (1744–1806)

Brand, John (1744–1806)  

Maker: unknown artist


John Brand (1744–1806) by unknown artist Tyne and Wear Museums


Brand, John (1744–1806), antiquary and topographer  

R. H. Sweet

Brand, John (1744–1806), antiquary and topographer, was born on 19 August 1744 at Washington in co. Durham, where his father, Alexander Brand, was the parish clerk. Little is known of his mother, Elizabeth Wheatley, who died shortly after he was born. When his father remarried ...