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Babington, (Charles) Cardale (1808–1895), botanist and archaeologist, was born on 23 November 1808, at Ludlow, Shropshire, the son of Joseph Babington (1768–1826), at that time a physician, and Catherine, daughter of John Whitter of Bradninch, Devon. The historian Lord Macaulay was his first cousin. His father having taken holy orders, ...

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Bicknell, Clarence (1842–1918), archaeologist and botanist, the youngest son of Elhanan Bicknell (1788–1861), financier and art patron, and his third wife, Lucinda Sarah (1801–1850), sister of Hablot Knight Browne, was born at Herne Hill, Surrey, on 27 October 1842. Herman Bicknell, orientalist and traveller, was his brother. ...

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Carrington, Samuel (bap. 1798, d. 1870), geologist and archaeologist, was born at Wetton, Staffordshire, where he was baptized on 25 November 1798, the son of Samuel Carrington (1772/3–1840), leader of a team of miners (‘copers’) in the duke of Devonshire's copper mines at ...

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Hughes, Thomas McKenny (1832–1917), geologist, speleologist, and archaeologist, was born in December 1832, in Aberystwyth, one of the family of three sons and five daughters of the Revd Joshua Hughes (1807–1889), afterwards bishop of St Asaph, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1899)...

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G. C. Boase

revised by Anita McConnell

Just, John (1797–1852), archaeologist and botanist, eldest son of Jonathan Just and his wife, Mary, was born at the family farm in the village of Natland, near Kendal, Westmorland, on 3 December 1797. After attending the village school he was employed on a farm, but, showing an aptitude for study, he went at the age of fourteen to ...

Article

Pengelly, William (1812–1894), geologist and archaeologist, was born on 12 January 1812 at East Looe, Cornwall, the first of ten children of Richard Pengelly (1787–1861), mariner, and his wife, Sarah (1787–1881), daughter of Abraham and Mary Prout of Millbrook, Cornwall. Pengelly attended two schools in ...

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Francis Cranmer Penrose (1817–1903) by John Singer Sargent, 1898 RIBA Library Photographs Collection

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Penrose, Francis Cranmer (1817–1903), architect, classical archaeologist, and astronomer, was born on 29 October 1817 at Bracebridge, near Lincoln, the youngest son of the Revd John Penrose (1778–1859). His mother was Elizabeth Penrose, née Cartwright (c. 1779–1837), a children's writer under the pseudonym of ...

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Smith, Worthington George (1835–1917), architectural and botanical illustrator and archaeologist, was born on 23 March 1835 at 19 Aske Street, Shoreditch, London, the only child of George Smith (1804–1877), a civil servant from Gaddesden Row, Hertfordshire, and Sarah Worthington (1809–1891) of Laxton, Nottinghamshire...

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(John) Kenneth Sinclair St Joseph (1912–1994) by unknown artist The Master and Fellows of Selwyn College, Cambridge

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St Joseph, (John) Kenneth Sinclair (1912–1994), geologist, archaeologist, and aerial photographer, was born on 13 November 1912 at Rose Cottage, Cookley, Worcestershire, the only surviving son of John Daniel St Joseph, a forestry officer with the Indian forest service, and his wife, Irma Robertson, ...

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Watkins, Alfred (1855–1935), archaeologist and inventor of photographic equipment, was born on 27 January 1855 at the Imperial Hotel, Widemarsh Street, Hereford, the third of the ten children of Charles Watkins (1821–1888), a prosperous local farmer, miller, brewer, and hotel owner, and his wife, ...