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Abrams, Mark Alexander [formerly Max Alexander Abramowitz] (1906–1994), social scientist, was born at 57 Balfour Road, Edmonton, London, on 27 April 1906, one of eight children born to Abraham (Abram) Abramowitz, also known as Abramovich or Abrams, and his wife, Annie (Hannah), ...

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Leopold Bernhard Bonn (1850–1929) by Lienhard & Salzborn Royal National Institute for the Deaf

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Bonn, Leopold Bernhard (1850–1929), banker and philanthropist, was born on 3 August 1850 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the ninth child of Baruch Bonn, a prominent Jewish banker. He was privately educated. After the annexation of Frankfurt by Prussia in 1866, Bonn applied for denaturalization and moved to ...

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See Burton, Sir Montague Maurice [formerly Meshe David Osinsky]

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Hirsch, Maurice de [formerly Moritz von Hirsch], Baron de Hirsch in the Bavarian nobility (1831–1896), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 9 December 1831 in Munich, the third child and oldest son of Joseph von Hirsch (1805–1885) and his wife, Karoline Wertheimer...

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Jowell, Sir Roger Mark (1942–2011), social statistician, was born on 26 March 1942 in Cape Town, South Africa, the younger son of Jack Jowell (1906–1991), director of a company making ladies' clothing, and his wife, Emily, née Katzenellenbogen (1909–2000). His family were Jewish although ...

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See Kadoorie [formerly Kelly], Lawrence, Baron Kadoorie

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Samuel Lewis (1838–1901) by unknown artist reproduced by permission of Southern Housing Group Limited

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Lewis, Samuel (1838–1901), moneylender and philanthropist, was born on 14 May 1838 at 1 Lower Hurst Street, Birmingham, the elder of the two children of Frederick Lewis (b. c.1801), a dealer, and his wife, Sarah (c.1805–1872). They lived in impoverished slum conditions, and in 1841 his father was imprisoned for debt. On this, and on many other occasions, the family were rescued by benefits provided by the ...

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See Lyons, (Isidore) Jack

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(Isidore) Jack Lyons (1916–2008) by unknown photographer © Stephen Lock / Telegraph Media Group Limited 1996

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Lyons, (Isidore) Jack (1916–2008), businessman, philanthropist, and convicted fraudster, was born in Leeds on 1 February 1916, the fifth of six children of Samuel Henry Lyons (1883/4–1959), businessman, and his wife, Sophie, née Niman (1885–1971). His immediate elder brother, Bernard Lyons (1913–2008...

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Samuel Montagu, first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Montagu, Samuel, first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), merchant banker and philanthropist, was born Montagu Samuel in Liverpool on 21 December 1832, the second son and youngest child of Louis Samuel (1794–1859), watchmaker and silversmith of Liverpool, and his wife, Henrietta, daughter of Israel Israel...

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Rothschild, (Nathaniel) Charles (1877–1923), banker, entomologist, and conservationist, was born on 9 May 1877 at 6 Buckingham Gate, Belgravia, London, the second son and the youngest of three children of Nathaniel Mayer de Rothschild, first Baron Rothschild (1840–1915), banker and MP, and his wife, ...

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See Stern family

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Sternberg, Sir Sigmund (Siggy) (1921–2016), businessman, interfaith activist, and philanthropist, was born on 2 June 1921 in Budapest, the only son of Abrish (Abraham) Sternberg (1886–1935), antiques dealer, and his wife, Beztzi (Elizabeth), née Reiner (1886–1981). Suzanne...

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Sir Isaac Wolfson, first baronet (1897–1991) by Godfrey Argent, 1969 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wolfson, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1897–1991), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 1 October 1897 at 12 Kidston Street, Glasgow, the second of three sons and one of nine children of Solomon Wolfson (1868–1941), a poor Orthodox Jewish immigrant from Russian Poland, who worked in ...

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Ziff, (Israel) Arnold (1927–2004), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 31 January 1927 at 28 Grange Avenue, Chapeltown, Leeds, the only son of Max Ziff (d. 1954), a boot manufacturer and retailer, and his wife, Annie, née Gilston. His family had moved to ...