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Peter Barlow (1776–1862) by Samuel Cousins (after Sir William Boxall, exh. RA 1853) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Iwan Rhys Morus

Barlow, Peter (1776–1862), mathematician and physicist, was born in the parish of St Simon, Norwich, in October 1776. Details of his early life are sparse. He was educated at a local foundation school before starting work in trade; later he became a schoolmaster, and, having by his own exertions attained considerable scientific knowledge, he became a regular correspondent of the ...

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(Thomas) Brooke Benjamin (1929–1995) by unknown photographer © Royal Society

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Benjamin, (Thomas) Brooke (1929–1995), mathematician and physicist, was born on 15 April 1929 at 5 The Laund, Wallasey, Cheshire, the eldest of the three children of Thomas Joseph Benjamin (1884–1960), solicitor and high-court registrar, and his wife, Ethel Mary (1900–1975), daughter of Henry Brooke...

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Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910–1995), applied mathematician and astrophysicist, was born on 19 October 1910 in Lahore, India, the eldest of four sons and third of the ten children of C. Subrahmanyan Ayyar (1885–1960), assistant auditor to the Northwest Railways, and his wife, Sitalaksmi (1891–1931)...

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Thomas George Cowling (1906–1990) by Walter Bird © Royal Astronomical Society Library

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Cowling, Thomas George (1906–1990), mathematician and astrophysicist, was born on 17 June 1906 at 3 Harrogate Road, South Hackney, London, the second of the four sons of George Cowling, Post Office engineer, and Edith Eliza Cowling, née Nicholls. Cowling was educated at Sir George Monoux Grammar School, Walthamstow...

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Crighton, David George (1942–2000), applied mathematician and fluid dynamicist, was born on 15 November 1942 in the Maternity Home, Oxford Road, Llandudno, Caernarvonshire, the elder child of George Wolfe Johnston Crighton (1899–1976), a civil servant in the stamp duty office, and his wife, ...

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C. H. Lees

revised by Graeme J. N. Gooday

Everett, Joseph David (1831–1904), physicist and mathematician, was born at Rushmere, near Ipswich, Suffolk, on 11 September 1831, the eldest son of nine children of Joseph David Everett, a landowner and farmer of Rushmere, and his wife, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of John Garwood...

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Sir Ralph Howard Fowler (1889–1944) by Walter Stoneman, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard (1889–1944), mathematical physicist and weapons researcher, was born at Fedsden, Roydon, Essex, on 17 January 1889, the elder son of Howard Fowler, of Glebelands, Burnham, Somerset, and his wife, Frances Eva, daughter of George Dewhurst, cotton merchant, of Manchester...

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Hartree, Douglas Rayner (1897–1958), mathematician and theoretical physicist, was born on 27 March 1897 in Cambridge, where his father, William Hartree, a grandson of Samuel Smiles, was a member of the teaching staff of the engineering laboratory; he retired in 1913, but thereafter continued to do scientific work, much of it as assistant to his son. ...

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Kahn, Franz Daniel (1926–1998), astrophysicist and mathematician, was born on 13 May 1926 in Nuremberg, Germany, the only son and the younger child of Siegfried Kahn (1894–1967), a company director, and his wife, Grete, née Mann (1896–1980). His parents were German Jews; his father was a successful manufacturer of children's toys. In 1938 the family moved to ...

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E. T. Whittaker

revised by Isobel Falconer

Macdonald, Hector Munro (1865–1935), mathematician and physicist, was born on 19 January 1865 in Edinburgh, the elder son of Donald Macdonald, originally of Kiltearn, Ross-shire, and his wife, Annie, daughter of Hector Munro of Kiltearn. His earliest education was in Edinburgh, but after the removal of his parents to ...

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Spottiswoode, William (1825–1883), mathematician and physicist, was born in London on 11 January 1825, the eldest son of Andrew Spottiswoode (1787–1866), member of parliament for Saltash (1826–30) and Colchester (1830–31), and partner in the firm of Eyre and Spottiswoode of New Street Square...

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Peter Guthrie Tait (1831–1901) by Sir George Reid, c. 1882 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Tait, Peter Guthrie (1831–1901), physicist and mathematician, was born on 28 April 1831 at Dalkeith, near Edinburgh, the only son among the three children of John Tait (d. c.1840), secretary to Walter Francis Scott, fifth duke of Buccleuch, and his wife, ...

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Taylor, Sir James (1902–1994), mathematician and physicist, was born at 11 Brunton Terrace, Sunderland, on 16 August 1902, the son of James Taylor, a stonemason, and his wife, Alice, née Hunter. Left an orphan at an early age he benefited from a cosmopolitan education, attending ...

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Taylor, John Gerald (1931–2012), mathematician and theoretical physicist, was born at Tangley Cottage, Pickhurst Rise, West Wickham, Kent, on 18 August 1931, the son of William Taylor (d. 1984), chemist and educationist, and his wife, Elsie, née Kershall (d. 1986). He had one sister, ...

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See under Temperley, Harold William Vazeille