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Samuel Crompton (1753–1827) by Samuel William Reynolds senior, pubd 1828 (after Charles Allingham) © National Portrait Gallery, London


Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827), inventor of the spinning mule, was born at Firwood Fold, Tonge, near Bolton, Lancashire, on 3 December 1753, the eldest son of George Crompton (1726–1758) and Elizabeth Holt (1725–1799) of nearby Turton. Firwood Farm had been held by Cromptons since Tudor times; ...


Mather, Sir William (1838–1920), mechanical engineer and textile equipment manufacturer, was born in John Street, Manchester, on 15 July 1838, the son of William Mather senior (d. 1858) and his wife, Amelia, daughter of James Tidswell of Manchester. The family operated a small machine works and iron foundry in ...