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Bailey, Sir George Edwin (1879–1965), electrical engineer and industrialist, was born in Loughborough on 19 October 1879, the tenth child of Thomas W. Bailey, master tailor, and his second wife, Ann Wilmot. He was educated at Loughborough grammar school, and entered the works of the ...

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Beale, Sir Samuel Richard (1881–1964), engineer and industrialist, was born in Birmingham on 7 February 1881, one of two sons of James Samuel Beale (1840–1912) [see under Beale family], solicitor and company director, and his wife, Margaret Field. He was educated at ...

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John Cadman, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941) by Ivan Opffer, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cadman, John, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941), mining engineer and industrialist, was born on 7 September 1877 at The Villas, in the north Staffordshire mining village of Silverdale, the eldest son of James Cope Cadman (1851–1914) and his wife, Betty, née Keeling (d...

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Carne, Joseph (1782–1858), geologist and industrialist, was born on 17 April 1782 at Penzance, Cornwall, the eldest son of William Carne (1754–1836), a banker and a partner in the Angarrack tin smelting works near Hayle. A Methodist throughout his life, Carne was educated at the ...

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Henry Deacon (1822–1876) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Deacon, Henry (1822–1876), chemist and manufacturer, was born on 30 July 1822 in London, the elder son of Henry Deacon, merchant, and his wife and cousin, Esther Deacon. The Deacons belonged to the Sandemanian church, whose most famous member, Michael Faraday, took an interest in their son. When he was fourteen ...

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Alexander Fleck, Baron Fleck (1889–1968) by Sir Lawrence Gowing, 1957 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry, daughter of James Duncan, coal clerk. He was educated at Saltcoats public school and ...

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Inskip, Robert Andrew [Robin], second Viscount Caldecote (1917–1999), engineer and industrialist, was born on 8 October 1917 at 10 Eaton Square, Belgravia, London, the only child of Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, first Viscount Caldecote (1876–1947), barrister and Conservative politician and lord chief justice from 1940 to 1946, and his wife, ...

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Keir, James (1735–1820), chemist and industrialist, was born on 29 September 1735 at Edinburgh, the youngest of eighteen children of John Keir (1686–1743), landowner of Muirton and Queenshaugh, Stirlingshire, and his wife, Magdaline, née Lind (1691–1775). His mother was the sister of George Lind...

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Lorimer, Sir William (1844–1922), locomotive engineer and industrialist, was born on 4 November 1844 in Sanquhar, Dumfriesshire, son of William Lorimer, house factor, and Margaret Whigham. Little is known about his family origins and early life in Sanquhar. He attended the local parish school and at the age of fifteen joined the ...

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Sir Ian Kinloch MacGregor (1912–1998) by David Mansell, 1984 Getty Images – David Mansell

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MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist, was born on 21 September 1912 at The Bungalow, Kinlochleven, Argyll, the third son of Daniel MacGregor, a works accountant, and his wife, Grace Alexanderina, née Fraser Maclean, a schoolteacher. His parents were leading lights in the ...

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Martin, Sir Thomas Acquin (1850–1906), engineer and industrialist, born at Four Oaks, Sutton Coldfield, near Birmingham, on 6 March 1850, was the son of Patrick William Martin, leather manufacturer, of Birmingham, and his wife, Mary Anne, née Bridges. After education at the Birmingham Oratory School, Edgbaston...

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Morris, Sir (James) Richard Samuel [Dick] (1925–2008), engineer and industrialist, was born on 20 November 1925 at Upper Heath, Hampstead, London, the son of James John Morris (d. 1976), banker, and his wife, Kathleen Mary, née McNaughton (d. 1976). At the time of his birth registration his parents lived at ...

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Prosser, Richard (1804–1854), inventor and patent reformer, was born in Aston, Warwickshire, on 3 April 1804, the third child of Walter Prosser (1772–c.1840), a joiner and builder, and his wife, Eleanor Davies (1764–1854). Evidence of any formal education is lacking but, during his early employment with the ...

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Ruston, Joseph (1835–1897), engineer and manufacturer, was born in February 1835 at Chatteris, Cambridgeshire, son of Robert Ruston (d. 1850/51), farmer. He was educated at Wesley College, Sheffield, and was apprenticed in the cutlery firm of Wolstenholme & Son. Opportunities for advancement in this old-established firm were limited, so he sought a partnership elsewhere, having some capital inherited from his father, who had died when ...

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Southwell, Sir (Charles Archibald) Philip (1894–1981), petroleum geologist and industrialist, was born at Oak Royce, Calverley Lane, Rodley, Calverley, Yorkshire, on 6 June 1894, the only son of Charles Edward Southwell, medical practitioner, and his wife, Clare, née Beaumont. Educated at Newcastle under Lyme high school...

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Stanley, Charles Orr (1899–1989), promoter of telecommunications and industrialist, was born on 15 April 1899 in Cappoquin, co. Waterford, Ireland, the second son and fourth of six children of John Stanley (b. 1850), a farmer and entrepreneurial merchant of that town, and ...