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Bedwell, William (bap. 1563, d. 1632), Arabist and mathematician, was born in Great Hallingbury in Essex, where he was baptized on 2 October 1563, one of at least four children of John Bedwell, a small landowner, and his wife, Anne. After an early interest in mathematics had been encouraged by his father's youngest brother, ...

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Bernard, Edward (1638–1697), mathematician and Arabist, was born on 2 May 1638 at Paulerspury, near Towcester, Northamptonshire, the elder child of Joseph Bernard (c.1609–1644), clergyman, and Elizabeth Lenche or Linche (d. in or after 1669) of Wyche, near Great Malvern, Worcestershire...

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See Bunbury, Sir Charles James Fox, eighth baronet

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Colson, John (1680–1759), mathematician and translator, was born in Lichfield, the eldest of six children of Francis Coleson (or Colson), vicar-choral of Lichfield Cathedral, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was the nephew and godson of John Strype, the ecclesiastical historian. He attended Lichfield grammar school...

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John Greaves (1602–1652) by Edward Mascall, 1650 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Greaves, John (1602–1652), astronomer and orientalist, was probably born at Alresford, Hampshire, the eldest of the four sons of John Greaves (1579–1616), rector of Colmer, a noted schoolmaster, and his wife, Sara (d. 1640). His three brothers also achieved distinction: Nicholas became a fellow of ...

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Harding, John (bap. 1601, d. 1665), alchemist and translator, was baptized on 8 November 1601 at Great Haseley, Oxfordshire, eldest of the three sons and four daughters of John Harding (c.1562–1610), rector of Great Haseley, and his wife, Isabel, whose former married name was ...

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Prinsep, James (1799–1840), Indologist and scientist, was born on 20 August 1799 at 147 Leadenhall Street, London, the seventh son and tenth child of John Prinsep (1746–1830) [see under Prinsep, Henry Thoby (1792-1878)], merchant and MP, and his wife, Sophia Elizabeth Auriol (1760–1850)...