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Chibnall, Albert Charles (1894–1988), biochemist and historian, was born on 28 January 1894 in Hammersmith, London, the second of three sons and third of six children (two subsequent daughters died in infancy) of George William Chibnall, baker, and his wife, Kate, daughter of ...

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Costard, George (bap. 1710, d. 1782), writer on ancient astronomy, was baptized on 20 January 1710 at St Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, the son of the Revd Edward Coster, vicar of St Mary's, and his wife, Anne. Educated at Shrewsbury grammar school, in 1726 he matriculated at ...

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Dingle, Herbert (1890–1978), physicist, historian, and philosopher of science, was born at 44 Chantry Road, Stockwell, London, on 2 August 1890, the son of James Henry Dingle (1858–1890), a Liberal Party activist, and his wife, Emily Jane, née Gorddard (1863/4–1946...

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Draper, John William (1811–1882), chemist and historian, was born in St Helens, Lancashire, on 5 May 1811, the third child and only son of John Christopher Draper (d. 1828/9), a Wesleyan minister of Heptonstall, Yorkshire, and his wife, Sarah Ripley (d...

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Fotheringham, John Knight (1874–1936), historian and astronomer, was born on 14 August 1874 at St John's presbytery, Tottenham, Middlesex, the second son of David Fotheringham (1830–1918), a Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Jane Ross (1834–1917). A delicate child, he was to suffer much ill health later in life. He was educated at the ...

Article

P. E. Matheson

revised by Myfanwy Lloyd

Fowler, William Warde (1847–1921), historian and ornithologist, was born at Langford Budville, Somerset, on 16 May 1847, the second son of John Coke Fowler, stipendiary magistrate at Merthyr Tudful and afterwards at Swansea, and his first wife, Augusta Bacon, granddaughter of John Bacon RA...

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Geikie, Sir Archibald (1835–1924), geologist and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 28 December 1835, the eldest son of James Stuart Geikie, a shop proprietor and subsequently professional musician, and Isabella Thom. James Murdoch Geikie (1839–1915) was his younger brother. Geikie was educated in ...

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Kingsford, William (1819–1898), civil engineer and historian, born on 23 December 1819 in the parish of St Lawrence Jewry, London, was the son of William Kingsford, innkeeper of Lad Lane, London, and his wife, Elizabeth. Educated at Nicholas Wanostrocht's Alfred House Academy in ...

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Mann, Theodore Augustine [known as Abbé Mann] (1735–1809), natural philosopher and historian, was born in Yorkshire on 22 June 1735, the son of a land surveyor. He was educated at a local school and instructed in scientific principles by his father. In 1753 he was sent to ...

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Augustus De Morgan (1806–1871) by John Jabez Edwin Mayall © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Leslie Stephen

revised by I. Grattan-Guinness

Morgan, Augustus De (1806–1871), mathematician and historian, fifth child of Colonel John De Morgan (1772–1816) of the Indian army, was born on 27 June 1806 at Madura in the far south of India. His mother, Elizabeth (1776–1856), was the daughter of John Dodson...

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(Noël) Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (1900–1995) by Ramsey & Muspratt, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Needham, (Noël) Joseph Terence Montgomery (1900–1995), biochemist and historian, was born on 9 December 1900 at 2 Westbury Gardens, Loats Road, Clapham, London, the only child of Joseph Needham (1853–1920), physician and anaesthesiologist, and his second wife, Alicia Adelaide, née Montgomery (1863–1945). Born in the last months of the Victorian era, he became one of twentieth-century ...

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Rolt, (Lionel) Thomas Caswall (1910–1974), engineering historian, was born on 11 February 1910 at Eaton Road, Chester, the only child of Lionel Caswall Rolt, a minor country gentleman, and his wife, Jemima Clarke (subsequently Timperley). He was distantly related to Kyrle Willans, the son of ...

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Ure, David (bap. 1749, d. 1798), naturalist and local historian, was born in Glasgow and baptized there on 30 March 1749. He was the eldest of nine children of Patrick Ure (also known as Peter Urie; b. c.1720, d. after 1783), weaver, and his wife, ...

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Walter, Henry (1785–1859), Church of England clergyman, natural philosopher and historian, born at Louth in Lincolnshire on 28 January 1785, was the eldest of the eighteen children of James Walter (d. 8 Feb 1845), master of the grammar school at Louth and afterwards rector of ...

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Whitrow, Gerald James (1912–2000), mathematician, historian, and philosopher of science, was born on 9 June 1912 at Kimmeridge, Dorset, the eldest son of George William Whitrow (1875–1953), a farmer, and his wife, Emily, formerly Watkins (1872–1955). In 1916 the family moved to Clapham, London...

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Wilkinson, Thomas Turner (1815–1875), mathematician and local historian, was born on 17 March 1815 at Abbot House, Mellor, near Blackburn, one of two sons of William Wilkinson, farmer, and Mary Turner. His mother died when he was nearly two and his father cared little for his sons, so ...